Somalia Population

Population now

15,947,134
  • World: 71st
  • Africa: 24th
Male:7,950,917(49.86 %)
Female:7,996,216(50.14 %)
Births in 2020:737,283
Deaths in 2020:186,948

Life expectancy & Rates (2020)

Male:56.01 years
Female:59.44 years
Total:57.70 years
Median Age:15.68 years
Birth Rate:41.41
Death Rate:10.50
Growth Rate:2.94 %
Fertility Rate:5.89

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2020)
  • Urbanization

Somalia Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
19603M1M1M0.980.78%47.6326.757.2536.9835.4838.5317.8817.31%4.32
19613M1M1M0.980.80%47.5226.377.2537.3735.8738.9317.7417.84%4.41
19623M1M1M0.980.82%47.4225.997.2637.7736.2739.3317.6418.37%4.51
19633M1M1M0.980.85%47.3425.627.2638.1836.6739.7317.5618.92%4.61
19643M1M2M0.980.87%47.2625.257.2638.5837.0740.1417.5119.45%4.71
19653M2M2M0.980.90%47.1924.887.2638.9837.4740.5417.5019.96%4.81
19663M2M2M0.980.92%47.1124.527.2639.3837.8840.9417.3920.49%4.93
19673M2M2M0.980.95%47.0124.167.2539.7838.2741.3517.3221.02%5.06
19683M2M2M0.980.97%46.9123.817.2340.1838.6741.7417.2721.56%5.20
19693M2M2M0.980.99%46.7723.467.2140.5739.0642.1417.2722.12%5.31
19703M2M2M0.981.02%46.6023.117.1840.9639.4542.5317.3022.68%5.40
19713M2M2M0.971.04%46.3722.767.1541.3439.8342.9117.2423.25%5.45
19723M2M2M0.971.06%46.0922.407.1241.7340.2143.3017.2523.84%5.46
19734M2M2M0.971.08%45.7622.037.0942.1140.5943.6817.3024.43%5.51
19744M2M2M0.971.10%45.4021.667.0642.4940.9844.0617.3225.03%5.70
19754M2M2M0.981.12%45.0321.297.0342.8841.3644.4417.2025.50%6.09
19764M2M2M0.991.14%44.6820.927.0243.2641.7444.8317.0925.75%6.71
19775M2M2M1.011.16%44.3720.567.0043.6442.1345.2117.0226.00%7.53
19785M3M3M1.021.18%44.1420.217.0044.0142.5045.5916.9526.25%8.43
19796M3M3M1.031.21%44.0019.897.0044.3842.8745.9616.9426.51%9.24
19806M3M3M1.041.25%43.9819.597.0144.7343.2346.3217.0526.76%9.85
19817M3M3M1.041.28%44.0919.327.0345.0743.5846.6617.0027.02%10.21
19827M3M3M1.041.32%44.3219.077.0545.3943.9147.0016.9627.28%10.36
19837M3M3M1.031.37%44.6618.877.0845.7044.2147.3016.9627.54%10.38
19847M3M3M1.031.41%45.0818.707.1145.9644.4847.5717.0027.80%10.37
19857M3M3M1.021.45%45.5818.617.1546.1544.6647.7517.0328.07%10.43
19867M3M3M1.021.48%46.1518.647.1946.2044.7247.8016.9728.33%10.56
19877M3M3M1.021.49%46.7518.777.2446.1244.6347.7016.9128.63%10.76
19887M4M3M1.011.49%47.3619.007.2945.9144.4347.4916.8528.97%10.99
19897M4M4M1.011.49%47.9519.297.3445.6344.1647.2116.8029.31%11.19
19907M4M4M1.011.48%48.5119.557.4045.3843.9046.9516.7729.66%11.33
19917M4M4M1.011.49%49.0119.717.4645.2643.7946.8316.6730.01%11.41
19927M4M4M1.011.51%49.4519.687.5145.3643.8946.9316.6030.36%11.44
19937M4M4M1.011.56%49.8219.457.5745.7244.2447.3016.5530.71%11.47
19947M4M4M1.011.63%50.1019.027.6246.3444.8547.9216.4831.07%11.56
19957M4M4M1.011.73%50.2618.427.6547.1545.6648.7416.3531.43%11.75
19968M4M4M1.011.84%50.2817.737.6848.0746.5649.6716.1731.79%12.05
19978M4M4M11.94%50.1517.037.6948.9747.4550.5815.9832.15%12.45
19988M4M4M12.04%49.8916.417.6949.7548.2451.3715.7832.51%12.91
19999M4M4M12.12%49.5015.897.6650.3948.8752.0115.6032.88%13.41
20009M4M4M12.16%49.0215.497.6350.8749.3552.4815.4633.25%13.91
20019M5M5M12.19%48.5015.197.5851.2149.7052.8315.2733.62%14.41
200210M5M5M12.21%47.9614.937.5251.4949.9853.1015.1633.99%14.90
200310M5M5M12.23%47.4314.697.4551.7650.2553.3715.1034.76%15.39
200410M5M5M12.25%46.9514.457.3852.0450.5353.6515.0735.53%15.89
200510M5M5M12.27%46.5014.207.3152.3550.8353.9615.0636.31%16.38
200611M5M5M12.30%46.0613.947.2352.6751.1554.2814.9737.10%16.88
200711M6M6M12.34%45.6213.677.1453.0051.4754.6214.8834.40%17.38
200811M6M6M12.37%45.1513.407.0653.3351.7954.9514.8236.01%17.87
200912M6M6M12.40%44.6613.146.9653.6552.1155.2814.8137.65%18.38
201012M6M6M12.43%44.1612.876.8753.9952.4455.6214.8639.31%18.89
201112M6M6M12.47%43.6912.606.7754.3452.7855.9814.8641.00%19.41
201213M6M6M12.51%43.2512.336.6654.7153.1456.3614.9341.56%19.94
201313M7M7M12.56%42.8812.066.5655.1053.5256.7715.0342.12%20.49
201413M7M7M12.61%42.5611.796.4655.5153.9157.1815.1342.68%21.05
201514M7M7M12.67%42.3011.536.3655.9254.3157.6115.2343.25%21.64
201614M7M7M12.73%42.1011.296.2756.3254.7058.0215.3243.82%22.25
201715M7M7M0.992.79%41.9211.066.1756.7155.0758.4215.4144.39%22.88
201815M7M8M0.992.84%41.7510.866.0757.0755.4158.7915.4944.97%23.54
201915M8M8M0.992.84%41.7510.866.0757.0755.4158.7915.5845.55%24.22
202016M8M8M0.992.94%41.4110.505.8957.7056.0159.4415.6846.14%24.92

Somalia Population Projections

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  • 10 years
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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
202116M8M8M0.992.97%41.1710.365.8057.9656.2659.7115.7646.73%25.66
202217M8M8M0.993.01%40.9410.215.7158.2356.5159.9915.8647.32%26.41
202317M9M9M0.993.04%40.7010.075.6258.4956.7760.2615.9547.92%27.19
202418M9M9M0.993.08%40.479.925.5358.7657.0260.5416.0648.52%27.99
202518M9M9M0.993.11%40.239.785.4459.0257.2760.8116.1649.12%28.82
202619M9M9M0.993.13%39.859.645.3659.2857.5261.0816.2349.72%29.66
202719M10M10M0.993.16%39.489.495.2859.5457.7661.3516.3150.33%30.53
202820M10M10M0.993.18%39.109.355.1959.7958.0161.6316.4050.93%31.41
202921M10M10M0.993.21%38.739.205.1160.0558.2561.9016.4951.54%32.31
203021M11M11M0.993.23%38.359.065.0360.3158.5062.1716.5952.14%33.23
203122M11M11M0.993.25%37.878.924.9560.5658.7362.4316.6752.75%34.17
203222M11M11M0.993.25%37.408.794.8860.8058.9662.6916.7653.36%35.12
203323M11M12M0.993.27%36.928.654.8061.0559.2062.9416.8653.96%36.09
203424M12M12M0.993.28%36.458.524.7361.2959.4363.2016.9754.57%37.07
203524M12M12M0.993.29%35.978.384.6561.5459.6663.4617.0955.17%38.07
203625M12M13M0.993.30%35.518.264.5861.7759.8863.7017.2055.77%39.09
203726M13M13M0.993.30%35.058.154.5162.0060.0963.9417.3356.36%40.11
203826M13M13M0.993.31%34.608.034.4562.2260.3164.1917.4656.95%41.15
203927M13M14M0.993.31%34.147.924.3862.4560.5264.4317.6157.54%42.20
204028M14M14M0.993.32%33.687.804.3162.6860.7464.6717.7658.12%43.27
204128M14M14M0.993.32%33.317.714.2562.8960.9364.8917.9158.70%44.35
204229M14M15M0.993.32%32.947.624.1963.1061.1265.1118.0659.27%45.44
204330M15M15M0.993.33%32.577.534.1363.3061.3265.3318.2259.85%46.55
204430M15M15M0.993.33%32.207.444.0763.5161.5165.5518.3960.42%47.68
204531M16M16M0.993.33%31.837.354.0163.7261.7065.7718.5760.99%48.82
204632M16M16M0.993.32%31.527.293.9663.9161.8865.9818.7461.55%49.98
204733M16M16M0.993.32%31.217.223.9164.1062.0666.1918.9162.11%51.15
204833M17M17M0.993.31%30.897.163.8564.3062.2366.3919.1062.67%52.34
204934M17M17M0.993.31%30.587.093.8064.4962.4166.6019.3063.23%53.55
205035M17M18M0.993.31%30.277.033.7564.6862.5966.8119.5063.78%54.77

Highest City Populations in Somalia

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RankCityPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Mogadishu2,294,2682,282,000
2Hargeysa994,172477,876
3Merca669,488230,100
4Berbera501,526242,344
5Kismaayo473,285234,852

Map of Somalia

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