Central America Population

Population now

49,870,941
Male:24,543,569(49.22 %)
Female:25,328,818(50.79 %)
Births in 2019:953,594
Deaths in 2019:239,566

Life expectancy & Rates (2019)

Male:72.26 years
Female:78.47 years
Total:75.39 years
Median Age:24.53 years
Birth Rate:20.42
Death Rate:5.13
Growth Rate:2.98 %
Fertility Rate:2.39

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2019)
  • Urbanization

Central America Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
196013M7M7M1.011.83%47.8316.886.8650.0348.7251.4116.2533.80%25.48
196114M7M7M1.011.89%47.3516.396.8350.6549.3152.0516.1134.24%26.25
196214M7M7M1.011.95%46.8515.906.7951.2649.9052.6815.9934.68%27.05
196315M7M7M1.012.00%46.3515.446.7551.8750.4853.3115.8835.15%27.87
196415M8M7M1.012.06%45.8515.006.7152.4551.0353.9315.8235.67%28.71
196515M8M8M1.012.12%45.3914.576.6653.0251.5654.5515.7936.11%29.57
196616M8M8M1.012.17%44.9414.166.6053.5952.0955.1715.7436.56%30.45
196716M8M8M1.012.23%44.5113.776.5554.1652.6055.7815.7337.00%31.35
196817M8M8M1.012.29%44.0913.396.4854.7153.1156.3915.7537.45%32.27
196917M9M9M1.012.35%43.6913.036.4155.2753.6157.0115.8037.90%33.21
197018M9M9M1.012.42%43.3112.686.3455.8154.0957.6115.8738.35%34.17
197118M9M9M1.012.48%42.9712.356.2756.3354.5558.2215.9038.76%35.13
197219M10M9M1.012.54%42.6512.056.1956.8454.9758.8115.9639.18%36.12
197319M10M10M1.012.60%42.3711.766.1257.3255.3759.3916.0439.61%37.11
197420M10M10M1.012.66%42.1011.496.0557.7955.7459.9616.1240.01%38.13
197521M10M10M1.012.72%41.8311.235.9858.2256.0760.5316.2040.39%39.15
197621M11M10M1.012.78%41.5510.995.9058.6556.3861.0816.2640.77%40.19
197722M11M11M12.84%41.2510.755.8359.0656.6861.6316.3141.15%41.25
197822M11M11M12.89%40.9110.515.7459.4756.9762.1716.3741.53%42.32
197923M11M11M12.95%40.5310.275.6659.8957.2862.7216.4241.91%43.40
198023M12M12M13.00%40.0910.025.5760.3357.6263.2716.4942.30%44.49
198124M12M12M13.06%39.609.765.4760.7957.9963.8316.5342.68%45.60
198224M12M12M13.12%39.069.495.3761.2958.4264.4116.5943.07%46.72
198325M13M13M13.18%38.499.205.2661.8258.8865.0016.6643.45%47.86
198426M13M13M13.26%37.888.905.1562.3859.3965.6016.7343.84%49.00
198526M13M13M0.993.33%37.288.605.0462.9759.9566.2016.8144.29%50.15
198627M13M13M0.993.43%36.698.294.9363.5760.5466.8116.9144.73%51.31
198727M14M14M0.993.52%36.138.004.8364.1861.1467.4117.0245.17%52.47
198828M14M14M0.993.62%35.617.714.7364.7961.7568.0117.1345.62%53.65
198929M14M14M0.993.72%35.137.444.6465.3962.3668.5817.2446.05%54.85
199029M15M15M0.993.82%34.687.194.5665.9662.9569.1317.3546.48%56.08
199130M15M15M0.993.92%34.256.964.4866.5163.5069.6517.4946.96%57.35
199231M15M15M0.984.00%33.826.764.4067.0464.0470.1517.6247.43%58.64
199331M16M16M0.984.08%33.356.574.3167.5464.5570.6317.7548.01%59.96
199432M16M16M0.984.14%32.866.394.2268.0165.0271.0917.8848.61%61.29
199533M16M17M0.984.18%32.326.244.1368.4665.4771.5318.0349.21%62.62
199633M17M17M0.984.20%31.756.104.0368.8965.8971.9518.1849.79%63.95
199734M17M17M0.984.22%31.145.973.9469.2966.2972.3618.3550.36%65.27
199835M17M18M0.984.21%30.525.863.8369.6866.6672.7418.5250.93%66.60
199936M18M18M0.974.20%29.885.753.7370.0567.0273.1118.7051.37%67.93
200036M18M18M0.974.17%29.245.663.6370.4067.3673.4718.8951.81%69.25
200137M18M19M0.974.13%28.605.583.5470.7367.6773.8019.1152.26%70.58
200238M19M19M0.974.07%27.965.513.4471.0467.9774.1219.3652.73%71.90
200338M19M19M0.974.01%27.315.453.3471.3368.2574.4219.6153.18%73.22
200439M19M20M0.973.95%26.685.393.2571.6168.5074.7119.8553.63%74.54
200540M20M20M0.973.87%26.065.353.1671.8868.7674.9920.1054.08%75.87
200640M20M21M0.973.80%25.475.313.0772.1569.0175.2620.3854.53%77.20
200741M20M21M0.973.72%24.905.272.9972.4169.2675.5320.6754.99%78.54
200842M21M21M0.973.66%24.375.232.9172.6869.5275.8120.9655.48%79.87
200943M21M22M0.973.59%23.865.202.8472.9569.7976.0921.2555.98%81.21
201043M21M22M0.973.53%23.405.172.7873.2270.0676.3621.5556.46%82.55
201144M22M22M0.973.46%22.985.152.7173.5070.3376.6321.8756.94%83.89
201245M22M23M0.973.41%22.605.132.6673.7770.6076.9022.1957.42%85.22
201345M22M23M0.973.35%22.255.112.6174.0270.8677.1522.5057.89%86.56
201446M23M23M0.973.29%21.925.112.5774.2771.1077.4022.8358.35%87.90
201547M23M24M0.973.24%21.615.102.5374.5171.3577.6323.1558.81%89.24
201647M23M24M0.973.18%21.315.102.4974.7471.5877.8523.4859.27%90.59
201748M24M24M0.973.10%21.015.122.4674.9571.8078.0523.8159.72%91.93
201849M24M25M0.973.05%20.725.122.4375.1772.0378.2624.1760.18%93.28
201950M24M25M0.972.98%20.425.132.3975.3972.2678.4724.5360.63%94.62

Central America Population Projections

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  • 10 years
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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
202050M25M26M0.972.92%20.125.132.3675.6172.4878.6824.9161.07%95.95
202151M25M26M0.972.85%19.815.152.3375.8272.7178.8725.2661.52%97.28
202252M25M26M0.972.78%19.505.162.3176.0272.9279.0625.6361.96%98.59
202352M26M27M0.972.71%19.195.172.2876.2373.1579.2526.0062.40%99.90
202453M26M27M0.972.64%18.885.192.2576.4473.3779.4426.3662.84%101.20
202554M26M27M0.972.57%18.565.202.2376.6473.5979.6326.7363.28%102.49
202654M27M28M0.972.49%18.275.232.2176.8473.8079.8127.0963.73%103.76
202755M27M28M0.972.42%17.975.252.1877.0474.0279.9827.4464.17%105.03
202856M27M28M0.972.35%17.675.282.1677.2374.2380.1627.8164.60%106.29
202956M28M29M0.972.28%17.385.302.1477.4374.4580.3328.1765.04%107.53
203057M28M29M0.972.20%17.085.332.1277.6374.6680.5128.5565.48%108.74
203158M28M29M0.972.13%16.815.372.1077.8274.8780.6728.9165.92%109.93
203258M29M30M0.972.06%16.545.412.0878.0075.0880.8429.2866.35%111.11
203359M29M30M0.971.99%16.285.452.0778.2075.3081.0029.6566.79%112.25
203459M29M30M0.971.92%16.015.492.0578.3875.5181.1630.0267.23%113.38
203560M30M30M0.971.85%15.745.532.0478.5775.7181.3230.3967.66%114.49
203661M30M31M0.971.78%15.525.592.0378.7675.9281.4830.7568.09%115.58
203761M30M31M0.971.71%15.305.652.0178.9476.1381.6331.1068.52%116.65
203862M30M31M0.971.64%15.085.712.0079.1276.3481.7931.4668.95%117.70
203962M31M32M0.971.57%14.855.771.9979.3076.5581.9431.8269.38%118.72
204063M31M32M0.971.51%14.635.831.9779.4876.7582.1032.1869.80%119.73
204163M31M32M0.971.45%14.455.901.9679.6676.9682.2432.5270.22%120.70
204264M31M32M0.971.39%14.265.971.9579.8377.1682.3932.8770.64%121.66
204364M32M33M0.971.33%14.086.041.9480.0177.3682.5433.2271.06%122.60
204465M32M33M0.971.27%13.896.111.9380.1977.5682.6833.5671.47%123.50
204565M32M33M0.971.22%13.716.181.9280.3777.7782.8333.9071.88%124.39
204666M32M33M0.971.16%13.566.271.9180.5477.9782.9734.2472.29%125.25
204766M33M33M0.971.11%13.406.351.9080.7078.1683.1134.5672.70%126.09
204866M33M34M0.971.06%13.246.431.9080.8778.3683.2534.9173.10%126.90
204967M33M34M0.971.01%13.086.511.8981.0478.5683.3935.2473.50%127.69
205067M33M34M0.970.96%12.926.601.8881.2178.7683.5335.5973.89%128.46

Highest City Population in Central America (mid 2019)

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  • Top 5
  • Top 20
  • Top 50
RankCityCountryPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Guatemala CityGuatemala2,908,857994,938
2Panama CityPanama1,839,410408,168
3TegucigalpaHonduras1,420,857850,848
4San JoseCosta Rica1,388,37531,430
5San SalvadorEl Salvador1,105,554525,990
6ManaguaNicaragua1,058,125973,087
7San Pedro SulaHonduras887,161489,466
8AlajuelaCosta Rica356,03647,494
9HerediaCosta Rica338,33921,947

Map of Central America

All Continents

Asia4525M
Africa1297M
Europe738M
Central America50M