Central America Population

Population now

51,299,164
Male:25,259,702(49.24 %)
Female:26,040,874(50.76 %)
Births in 2022:1,471,319
Deaths in 2022:368,189

Life expectancy & Rates (2022)

Male:72.48 years
Female:78.61 years
Total:75.58 years
Median Age:25.46 years
Birth Rate:20.42
Death Rate:5.11
Growth Rate:3.00 %
Fertility Rate:2.40

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2022)
  • Urbanization

Central America Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
196013M7M7M1.011.84%48.0016.906.8950.0348.7051.4216.2233.81%25.32
196114M7M7M1.011.90%47.5216.406.8650.6449.2852.0616.0834.26%26.09
196214M7M7M1.011.95%47.0215.926.8251.2449.8652.6915.9534.70%26.89
196315M7M7M1.012.01%46.5015.466.7851.8450.4153.3315.8335.16%27.71
196415M8M7M1.012.06%45.9815.016.7352.4250.9653.9515.7535.69%28.55
196515M8M8M1.012.12%45.4714.586.6752.9951.4854.5715.7336.13%29.41
196616M8M8M1.012.17%44.9814.176.6253.5552.0055.1815.6736.57%30.28
196716M8M8M1.012.23%44.5113.776.5554.1152.5055.7915.6637.02%31.16
196817M8M8M1.012.29%44.0613.396.4854.6653.0156.4015.6937.47%32.05
196917M9M9M1.012.35%43.6513.036.4055.2153.5057.0115.7537.92%32.96
197018M9M9M1.012.41%43.2712.686.3355.7553.9857.6215.8238.38%33.87
197118M9M9M1.012.48%42.9312.356.2656.2854.4558.2215.8638.79%34.79
197219M9M9M1.012.54%42.6212.046.1856.7954.8958.8215.9339.22%35.72
197319M10M10M1.012.61%42.3511.746.1157.2955.3059.4016.0039.65%36.67
197420M10M10M1.012.67%42.0911.476.0457.7655.6859.9716.0940.05%37.63
197520M10M10M1.012.73%41.8311.215.9658.2156.0460.5316.1740.44%38.60
197621M10M10M1.012.79%41.5610.965.8958.6556.3761.0916.2340.82%39.59
197721M11M11M12.85%41.2710.725.8159.0756.6961.6416.2941.21%40.61
197822M11M11M12.91%40.9310.485.7359.5057.0062.1916.3541.59%41.65
197922M11M11M12.96%40.5610.245.6559.9257.3162.7416.4141.98%42.71
198023M11M11M13.02%40.129.995.5660.3657.6563.3016.4842.36%43.79
198124M12M12M13.08%39.639.725.4660.8458.0363.8716.5342.75%44.90
198224M12M12M13.14%39.099.455.3661.3458.4664.4516.5943.14%46.04
198325M12M12M13.21%38.529.165.2561.8758.9365.0516.6643.52%47.19
198425M13M13M0.993.28%37.928.865.1462.4459.4465.6616.7343.91%48.37
198526M13M13M0.993.36%37.318.555.0363.0360.0066.2716.8144.35%49.56
198627M13M13M0.993.45%36.728.254.9363.6460.5966.8816.9044.79%50.76
198727M14M14M0.993.55%36.167.954.8264.2561.2067.4917.0145.23%51.99
198828M14M14M0.993.65%35.657.674.7364.8661.8168.0817.1245.67%53.23
198929M14M14M0.993.75%35.167.404.6465.4562.4068.6517.2246.09%54.50
199029M15M15M0.993.85%34.727.164.5666.0162.9869.1917.3346.53%55.80
199130M15M15M0.993.94%34.306.944.4866.5663.5269.7117.4747.00%57.13
199231M15M15M0.984.03%33.876.744.4067.0764.0470.2117.6047.47%58.47
199331M16M16M0.984.11%33.446.554.3267.5664.5470.6817.7348.04%59.83
199432M16M16M0.984.16%32.976.394.2468.0265.0071.1417.8648.65%61.19
199533M16M17M0.984.21%32.476.234.1568.4765.4471.5718.0049.24%62.56
199633M17M17M0.984.23%31.926.104.0668.8965.8671.9918.1549.82%63.93
199734M17M17M0.984.25%31.345.973.9669.3066.2672.3918.3150.39%65.30
199835M17M18M0.984.25%30.735.853.8669.6966.6572.7718.4850.95%66.67
199936M18M18M0.974.24%30.105.743.7770.0667.0273.1418.6551.40%68.04
200036M18M18M0.974.21%29.455.653.6770.4267.3773.4918.8351.83%69.42
200137M18M19M0.974.18%28.805.563.5770.7567.6973.8119.0452.27%70.78
200238M19M19M0.974.12%28.135.493.4771.0667.9974.1219.2952.74%72.11
200338M19M20M0.974.06%27.465.433.3771.3468.2674.4019.5353.20%73.41
200439M19M20M0.973.99%26.815.373.2771.6068.5174.6719.7853.66%74.70
200540M20M20M0.973.91%26.195.333.1871.8568.7574.9320.0354.11%75.98
200640M20M21M0.973.83%25.595.303.0972.1068.9875.1920.3154.57%77.26
200741M20M21M0.973.76%25.045.263.0172.3569.2175.4520.5955.03%78.54
200842M21M21M0.973.69%24.525.232.9472.6169.4675.7220.8855.54%79.82
200942M21M22M0.973.62%24.045.202.8772.8869.7176.0021.1756.04%81.08
201043M21M22M0.973.57%23.615.172.8173.1569.9976.2821.4756.54%82.34
201144M22M22M0.973.51%23.215.152.7573.4370.2676.5721.7857.03%83.60
201244M22M23M0.973.46%22.855.122.7073.7170.5476.8522.0957.51%84.84
201345M22M23M0.973.42%22.525.102.6573.9870.8177.1122.4057.99%86.09
201446M23M23M0.973.36%22.205.092.6174.2471.0777.3722.7158.47%87.35
201546M23M24M0.973.31%21.905.082.5774.4971.3377.6023.0358.95%88.60
201647M23M24M0.973.25%21.605.082.5374.7271.5777.8223.3559.42%89.85
201748M23M24M0.973.18%21.305.092.5074.9471.8078.0323.6859.89%91.11
201848M24M25M0.973.13%21.015.092.4675.1672.0478.2424.0160.35%92.37
201949M24M25M0.973.06%20.715.102.4375.3772.2678.4324.3860.81%93.61
202050M24M25M0.972.98%20.405.122.4075.5872.4878.6224.7561.27%94.85
202150M25M26M0.972.99%20.405.112.4075.5872.4878.6225.1061.73%96.07
202251M25M26M0.973.00%20.425.112.4075.5872.4878.6125.4662.18%97.39

Central America Population Projections

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  • 10 years
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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
202352M25M26M0.972.76%19.455.172.3276.1473.1179.1425.8262.62%98.71
202452M26M27M0.972.69%19.145.192.2976.3273.3279.3126.1863.06%100.02
202553M26M27M0.972.61%18.825.212.2676.5173.5479.4926.5463.51%101.32
202654M26M27M0.972.53%18.525.242.2476.7073.7479.6526.8963.94%102.61
202754M27M28M0.972.46%18.235.272.2276.8873.9579.8127.2464.38%103.88
202855M27M28M0.972.38%17.925.302.2077.0774.1679.9727.6064.82%105.14
202956M27M28M0.972.31%17.625.332.1877.2674.3780.1427.9665.25%106.39
203056M28M29M0.972.23%17.325.362.1677.4474.5880.3028.3265.69%107.61
203157M28M29M0.972.16%17.065.402.1477.6274.7880.4528.6766.12%108.81
203258M28M29M0.972.08%16.795.452.1277.8074.9880.6029.0366.56%109.99
203358M29M30M0.972.01%16.535.492.1177.9875.1980.7629.3966.99%111.15
203459M29M30M0.971.94%16.265.542.0978.1675.3980.9129.7567.43%112.28
203559M29M30M0.971.87%15.995.582.0778.3475.6081.0630.1167.85%113.40
203660M30M30M0.971.80%15.775.642.0678.5175.8081.2130.4668.29%114.49
203761M30M31M0.971.73%15.545.702.0478.6876.0081.3530.8068.71%115.56
203861M30M31M0.971.65%15.315.772.0378.8576.2081.4931.1569.14%116.61
203962M30M31M0.971.59%15.085.832.0179.0376.4081.6431.5069.56%117.64
204062M31M31M0.971.53%14.855.882.0079.2076.6081.7831.8669.98%118.64
204163M31M32M0.971.46%14.665.961.9979.3776.7981.9232.1870.40%119.62
204263M31M32M0.971.40%14.486.031.9779.5376.9982.0532.5270.82%120.58
204364M31M32M0.971.34%14.286.111.9679.7077.1882.1932.8571.23%121.51
204464M32M32M0.971.28%14.096.181.9579.8677.3882.3333.1971.64%122.41
204565M32M33M0.971.22%13.906.261.9480.0377.5882.4733.5372.05%123.29
204665M32M33M0.971.17%13.736.341.9380.1977.7682.6033.8572.45%124.16
204765M32M33M0.981.11%13.576.421.9280.3577.9682.7334.1772.85%124.99
204866M33M33M0.981.06%13.406.511.9180.5178.1582.8634.5173.25%125.80
204966M33M34M0.981.01%13.246.591.9080.6878.3483.0034.8573.65%126.58
205067M33M34M0.980.96%13.076.671.8980.8478.5383.1335.1974.04%127.34

Highest City Population in Central America (mid 2022)

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  • Top 5
  • Top 20
  • Top 50
RankCityCountryPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Guatemala CityGuatemala3,057,859994,938
2Panama CityPanama1,954,085408,168
3TegucigalpaHonduras1,544,323850,848
4San JoseCosta Rica1,449,24931,430
5San SalvadorEl Salvador1,112,650525,990
6ManaguaNicaragua1,087,124973,087
7San Pedro SulaHonduras967,136801,259
8AlajuelaCosta Rica404,18747,494
9HerediaCosta Rica349,65021,947

Map of Central America

All Continents

Asia4650M
Africa1384M
Europe745M
Central America51M