Cairo, Egypt Population

Population in Urban Area, now

20,636,841

Population in City Area, 2015-06-03

7,734,614

Cairo Urban Area Population Graph

Cairo Population Review

The renowned and ancient city of Cairo sits along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt. The city was founded in 2,000 B.C. when King Menes ruled it. One of the oldest structures in Cairo is the Babylon fortress, built by the Romans in the 1st century. Cairo has always been a powerful and populous city, and that has continued into the 21st century. The city is now home to 7.7 million people and over 20 million people live in the Greater Cairo area.

Spread out over 3,085 kilometres, Egypt’s capital city is by far the largest and most populated city in the country. The megacity has 19,376 people per square kilometer, which makes it the 37th most densely populated city in the world. If that seems like tight quarters, it will be nothing compared to when the Greater Cairo area’s population is predicted to reach over 28 million people by 2035.

A multi-cultural past, but a homogenous population

While many ethnic groups have inhabited or influenced the city in centuries past, Cairo is now a surprisingly homogenous population with very little in the way of ethnic minorities. Those that do exist in the city are small, sparsely populated, and not centered in any specific communities. Egyptians are the primary ethnic group of the city and Arabic is the most widely spoken language in the city. The most foreigners living in Cairo hail from the United States and the United Kingdom. 89% of the population of Cairo identify as Sunni Muslim. Once upon a time, the city had a large population of Jews, but most of them have left for Israel or the United States.

A progressive growth rate

Cairo has grown rapidly over the last few decades. Since 1950, the population has grown from just over 2.4 million people to the current 20.4 million people who live there today. This is a growth of over 700%. Cairo can attribute much of its growth to the huge gap between the birth rate and the death rate. On average, there are 30 births to every 1,000 people in the city, while only 7 deaths to every 1,000 people.

A megacity with troubling issues

Like many megacities, Cairo is expanding beyond the capabilities of its services and infrastructure. The city is an example of a third-world megacity that is suffering from a rapidly growing population and insufficient services. The city struggles with many health issues, including malnutrition, bacterial infections, and severe air pollution. Cairo has someone of the highest air pollution levels in the world and it’s believed to be responsible for almost 2% of all annual deaths.

Review Updated: November 2, 2019
Cairo skylineCairo skyline

Cairo Urban Area Population History

1950 2,494,000
1951 2,592,000
1952 2,696,000
1953 2,802,000
1954 2,914,000
1955 3,029,000
1956 3,150,000
1957 3,274,000
1958 3,404,000
1959 3,539,000
1960 3,680,000
1961 3,862,000
1962 4,065,000
1963 4,278,000
1964 4,502,000
1965 4,738,000
1966 4,977,000
1967 5,122,000
1968 5,272,000
1969 5,426,000
1970 5,585,000
1971 5,748,000
1972 5,916,000
1973 6,089,000
1974 6,267,000
1975 6,450,000
1976 6,639,000
1977 6,817,000
1978 6,990,000
1979 7,167,000
1980 7,349,000
1981 7,535,000
1982 7,726,000
1983 7,922,000
1984 8,123,000
1985 8,328,000
1986 8,539,000
1987 8,826,000
1988 9,169,000
1989 9,523,000
1990 9,892,000
1991 10,275,000
1992 10,674,000
1993 11,087,000
1994 11,516,000
1995 11,962,000
1996 12,426,000
1997 12,773,000
1998 13,051,000
1999 13,335,000
2000 13,626,000
2001 13,922,000
2002 14,225,000
2003 14,534,000
2004 14,851,000
2005 15,174,000
2006 15,504,000
2007 15,842,000
2008 16,187,000
2009 16,539,000
2010 16,899,000
2011 17,267,000
2012 17,643,000
2013 18,027,000
2014 18,419,000
2015 18,820,000
2016 19,230,000
2017 19,648,000
2018 20,076,000
2019 20,485,000

Cairo Urban Area Population Projections

2020 20,901,000
2021 21,323,000
2022 21,750,000
2023 22,183,000
2024 22,624,000
2025 23,074,000
2026 23,535,000
2027 24,006,000
2028 24,491,000
2029 24,994,000
2030 25,517,000
2031 26,063,000
2032 26,633,000
2033 27,230,000
2034 27,853,000
2035 28,504,000

Map of Cairo, Egypt

All Biggest Cities in Egypt