Mexico Population

Population now

130,834,403
  • World: 10th
  • North America: 2nd
Male:64,006,418(48.92 %)
Female:66,829,416(51.08 %)
Births in 2021:3,223,955
Deaths in 2021:1,133,043

Life expectancy & Rates (2021)

Male:72.20 years
Female:77.88 years
Total:75.05 years
Median Age:28.49 years
Birth Rate:17.30
Death Rate:6.08
Growth Rate:1.85 %
Fertility Rate:2.10

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2021)
  • Urbanization

Mexico Population Review

Mexico is a North American country consisting of 31 states, plus the Federal District. With a rich history and culture, Mexico is the third largest country in Latin America and is home to over 128 million people. Officially called the Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States), the country faces many of the typical challenges of a developing nation but still maintains its position as the chief economic and political force in Latin America.

The country is bordered by Guatemala on one end and the United States on the other and has long stretches of shoreline on both the Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean. A warm country, the climate is tropical with a rainy and a dry season. Its mountainous regions experience cooler temperatures and dryer climates, though most areas of Mexico receive about 40 inches of rain per year.

A divided society

Despite having the 15th largest GDP in the world, Mexico’s society is deeply divided when it comes to wealth. It is characterized by extremes of wealth and poverty with a sliver of a middle class. While 42% of Mexico’s population lives below the poverty line, with 9% living in extreme poverty, elite landowners and investors control most of the country’s wealth. For example, Carlos Slim—Mexico’s wealthiest man and the sixth richest person on earth—is worth almost 5% of the entire country’s GDP. The unevenly divided wealth is a complex issue influenced by economic and political agendas that favour the wealthy and leave millions behind.

A dangerous drug war

Mexican drug cartels have continued to expand their power since the fall of the Colombian drug cartels in the 1990s. They are now responsible for up to 90% of the cocaine entering the United States. The Mexican War on Drugs has created violent ongoing clashes between the Mexican Government, the drug cartels, and the United States government, which has resulted in many deaths for the Mexican people. While it’s difficult to accurately gauge, it’s estimated that around 127,000 Mexican people have died as a direct result of the drug war, with 27,000 more listed as missing.

A steady birth rate

While Mexico’s birth rate has decline significantly since the 1960s, it is still generous enough to replenish the population at its current level of 2.08. However, as the population ages and the country continues to urbanize, the birth rate is predicted to drop and the death rate to rise. Currently, the death rate is 6.15, but is predicted to rise to 8.63 by 2050, with the birth rate dropping from the current 17.01 to 11.31.

Rising life expectancy

As Mexico continues to develop, its life expectancy is rising as well. In the 1960s, the average person in Mexico only lived until around 57 years old. Since then, the life expectancy in the country has risen by almost 20 years to 75 years old. As is typical, women live a bit longer with an average of 77 years, while men live until about 72. There is also a large discrepancy between the life expectancy in different parts of the country, with Mexico City boasting the highest life expectancy and Guerrero having the lowest. While the life expectancy is still below that of most developed countries, Mexico’s life expectancy rate continues to rise and is predicted to hit 80 by 2050.

An expanding elderly population

The median age is Mexico is currently at around 21, but that’s set to rise. Adults over 60 years of age will almost triple to 23% by 2050. While most of Mexico’s aging population is independent and highly functional, an aging population will force the country to examine its health industry and the looming social and economic burden that an aging population places on on a country.

Review Updated: April 29, 2020

Mexico Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
196038M19M19M12.68%45.1812.276.7757.0855.0959.1416.1850.75%19.15
196139M19M20M12.77%44.9211.926.7757.6755.6659.7516.0951.59%19.75
196240M20M20M12.85%44.7011.616.7758.1956.1760.2915.9952.43%20.38
196341M21M21M12.92%44.5211.356.7858.6656.6260.7715.8953.27%21.02
196443M21M21M12.99%44.3711.116.7859.0757.0261.1915.8254.10%21.68
196544M22M22M13.06%44.2310.906.7859.4557.3861.5915.7754.93%22.37
196646M23M23M13.12%44.1010.706.7859.8157.7261.9715.7255.76%23.08
196747M23M24M13.18%43.9310.506.7660.1758.0562.3615.6856.59%23.80
196848M24M24M13.25%43.7110.296.7360.5458.3962.7715.6657.41%24.55
196950M25M25M13.32%43.4210.066.6860.9358.7363.2115.6758.23%25.32
197051M26M26M13.39%43.039.806.6161.3659.1063.7115.6859.02%26.11
197153M26M27M13.47%42.529.526.5161.8359.4964.2715.6859.78%26.91
197255M27M27M13.54%41.909.236.3862.3359.8864.8715.7060.53%27.73
197356M28M28M13.62%41.188.926.2362.8560.2965.5115.7461.28%28.55
197458M29M29M13.70%40.388.606.0663.3860.7166.1815.8062.02%29.39
197560M30M30M13.76%39.498.295.8763.9261.1366.8515.8662.76%30.22
197661M31M31M13.83%38.567.985.6664.4761.5567.5315.9463.49%31.05
197763M31M31M13.89%37.597.685.4565.0161.9968.1916.0364.22%31.87
197864M32M32M13.95%36.637.405.2365.5462.4268.8316.1464.93%32.70
197966M33M33M14.00%35.697.145.0266.0662.8669.4216.2765.65%33.52
198068M34M34M14.04%34.816.904.8266.5563.3169.9716.4166.34%34.35
198169M35M35M0.994.08%34.006.694.6467.0363.7670.4816.6166.87%35.19
198271M35M36M0.994.12%33.266.504.4667.4964.2170.9416.8367.40%36.02
198373M36M37M0.994.15%32.596.334.3067.9464.6771.3717.0467.92%36.86
198474M37M37M0.984.18%31.996.184.1668.3865.1371.7717.2768.44%37.69
198576M38M38M0.984.20%31.436.044.0368.8165.6072.1517.5068.95%38.52
198678M38M39M0.984.24%30.915.903.9069.2366.0772.5017.7469.46%39.34
198779M39M40M0.984.26%30.405.783.7969.6566.5572.8517.9769.96%40.15
198881M40M41M0.984.27%29.895.673.6870.0667.0273.1818.1970.46%40.96
198982M41M42M0.984.29%29.355.553.5770.4767.4973.5118.4270.96%41.76
199084M42M42M0.984.28%28.805.453.4770.8767.9573.8318.6771.42%42.56
199186M42M43M0.984.28%28.245.353.3771.2568.3974.1518.9771.82%43.35
199287M43M44M0.974.26%27.685.263.2771.6168.7974.4619.3272.21%44.14
199389M44M45M0.974.25%27.135.173.1871.9569.1774.7619.6772.60%44.93
199490M44M46M0.974.22%26.605.103.1072.2869.5275.0519.9972.99%45.71
199592M45M47M0.974.19%26.105.033.0272.6069.8675.3520.2973.37%46.47
199693M46M47M0.974.15%25.614.972.9572.9370.2075.6620.6473.67%47.22
199795M46M48M0.974.12%25.154.912.8873.2770.5575.9820.9773.93%47.96
199896M47M49M0.974.10%24.704.842.8273.6370.9276.3221.3074.19%48.70
199997M48M50M0.974.07%24.274.792.7773.9971.3076.6621.6174.44%49.42
200099M49M50M0.964.03%23.854.742.7274.3471.6777.0021.9374.72%50.14
2001100M49M51M0.963.99%23.434.702.6774.6672.0077.3022.2975.05%50.85
2002102M50M52M0.963.91%23.014.692.6274.9272.2677.5622.6475.37%51.55
2003103M50M53M0.963.80%22.584.702.5875.1272.4577.7722.9875.68%52.26
2004105M51M53M0.963.68%22.164.732.5475.2472.5577.9123.3276.00%52.98
2005106M52M54M0.963.54%21.744.792.5075.3072.5878.0023.6676.31%53.74
2006108M53M55M0.963.38%21.344.872.4675.3072.5378.0423.9376.62%54.53
2007109M53M56M0.963.23%20.974.962.4275.2672.4578.0424.2476.92%55.34
2008111M54M57M0.963.08%20.645.062.3975.1972.3478.0324.5677.22%56.18
2009112M55M57M0.962.94%20.335.162.3675.1372.2378.0024.8777.52%57.01
2010114M56M58M0.962.80%20.045.272.3475.0772.1477.9825.1877.82%57.84
2011116M57M59M0.962.68%19.775.372.3275.0172.0677.9525.4878.11%58.65
2012117M57M60M0.962.56%19.495.472.2974.9772.0077.9225.7778.41%59.45
2013119M58M61M0.962.45%19.205.572.2774.9371.9677.8926.0578.70%60.24
2014120M59M61M0.962.33%18.895.672.2474.9171.9477.8626.3578.99%61.01
2015122M60M62M0.962.22%18.575.762.2274.9071.9577.8426.6779.29%61.78
2016123M60M63M0.962.12%18.255.852.1974.9271.9977.8326.9579.58%62.52
2017125M61M64M0.962.02%17.925.932.1674.9572.0577.8327.2479.87%63.26
2018126M62M64M0.961.93%17.606.012.1374.9972.1277.8427.5580.16%63.97
2019128M62M65M0.961.85%17.306.082.1075.0572.2077.8827.8680.44%64.68
2020129M63M66M0.961.85%17.306.082.1075.0572.2077.8828.1780.73%65.36
2021130M64M67M0.961.85%17.306.082.1075.0572.2077.8828.4981.02%66.04

Mexico Population Projections

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
2022132M64M67M0.96???????28.8381.30%66.70
2023133M65M68M0.96???????29.1881.58%67.34
2024134M66M68M0.96???????29.5481.86%67.97
2025135M66M69M0.961.43%15.666.441.9875.7673.0078.4929.8982.14%68.58
2026136M67M70M0.961.38%15.426.481.9675.9873.2278.7030.2282.42%69.18
2027138M67M70M0.961.33%15.176.521.9476.2073.4478.9030.5582.69%69.76
2028139M68M71M0.961.28%14.936.561.9376.4173.6779.1130.9082.96%70.33
2029140M68M71M0.961.22%14.686.601.9176.6373.8979.3131.2583.23%70.88
2030141M69M72M0.961.17%14.446.641.8976.8574.1179.5231.6183.50%71.42
2031142M69M72M0.961.13%14.246.701.8877.0574.3379.7131.9583.77%71.94
2032143M70M73M0.961.07%14.036.771.8677.2674.5579.9032.3084.03%72.45
2033144M70M74M0.961.02%13.836.831.8577.4674.7680.1032.6484.29%72.95
2034145M71M74M0.960.97%13.626.901.8377.6774.9880.2932.9884.55%73.43
2035146M71M74M0.960.93%13.426.961.8277.8775.2080.4833.3484.80%73.89
2036147M72M75M0.960.87%13.257.071.8178.0275.3780.6133.6785.05%74.33
2037147M72M75M0.960.83%13.097.171.8078.1775.5480.7434.0185.30%74.76
2038148M73M76M0.960.77%12.927.281.8078.3275.7180.8634.3785.54%75.16
2039149M73M76M0.960.73%12.767.381.7978.4775.8880.9934.7285.78%75.55
2040150M73M76M0.960.68%12.597.491.7878.6276.0581.1235.0786.02%75.92
2041150M74M77M0.960.64%12.457.601.7778.7876.2381.2535.4086.25%76.27
2042151M74M77M0.960.60%12.317.711.7778.9376.4181.3835.7286.48%76.61
2043152M74M77M0.960.56%12.187.831.7679.0976.6081.5036.0586.71%76.93
2044152M75M78M0.960.52%12.047.941.7679.2476.7881.6336.3986.93%77.23
2045153M75M78M0.960.48%11.908.051.7579.4076.9681.7636.7387.15%77.51
2046153M75M78M0.960.44%11.788.171.7579.5577.1481.8837.0487.37%77.77
2047154M75M79M0.960.41%11.668.281.7479.7077.3282.0137.3687.59%78.02
2048154M76M79M0.960.38%11.558.401.7479.8577.4982.1337.6787.80%78.25
2049155M76M79M0.960.34%11.438.511.7380.0077.6782.2637.9988.00%78.46
2050155M76M79M0.960.31%11.318.631.7380.1577.8582.3838.3188.21%78.66

Highest City Populations in Mexico

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RankCityPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Mexico City21,977,99512,294,193
2Guadalajara5,293,4501,495,182
3Monterrey4,991,3111,135,512
4Puebla3,266,5311,434,062
5Toluca de Lerdo2,545,684489,333
6Tijuana2,198,6561,300,983
7Leon de los Aldamas1,859,3351,238,962
8La Laguna1,699,40752,233
9Ciudad Juarez1,549,0431,321,004
10Queretaro1,374,766626,495
11San Luis Potosi1,242,751722,772
12Merida1,189,612777,615
13Mexicali1,148,182689,775
14Aguascalientes1,133,182722,250
15Cuernavaca1,097,890338,650
16Chihuahua1,085,043809,232
17Tampico1,023,890309,003
18Saltillo1,008,321709,671
19Acapulco de Juarez997,598673,479
20Cancun984,057628,306
21Morelia967,598597,511
22Veracruz934,737428,323
23Reynosa924,751589,466
24Villahermosa920,890353,577
25Hermosillo890,890715,061
26Tuxtla Gutierrez872,321537,102
27Culiacan863,321675,773
28Xalapa791,737424,755
29Oaxaca de Juarez719,306255,029
30Celaya693,876340,387
31Pachuca de Soto651,598256,584
32Durango648,167518,709
33Tlaxcala611,73784,670
34Matamoros574,44552,233
35Poza Rica de Hidalgo573,584185,242
36Tepic563,167332,863
37Puerto Vallarta536,029203,342
38Cuautla Morelos528,445154,358
39Orizaba483,584120,844
40Mazatlan465,014381,583
41Irapuato463,014380,941
42Nuevo Laredo455,584373,725
43Colima421,445137,383
44Minatitlan408,153112,046
45Coatzacoalcos402,153235,983
46Ciudad Obregon383,445298,625
47Zacatecas377,584129,011
48Ciudad Victoria370,584305,155
49Monclova368,153215,271
50Cordoba357,722140,896
51Tehuacan349,153248,716
52Ensenada343,584279,765
53Uruapan340,014264,439
54Los Mochis321,584256,613

Map of Mexico

All Countries in North America

Mexico130M