Mexico Population

Population now

129,349,028
  • World: 10th
  • North America: 2nd
Male:63,275,603(48.92 %)
Female:66,072,118(51.08 %)
Births in 2020:2,865,291
Deaths in 2020:1,035,952

Life expectancy & Rates (2020)

Male:72.30 years
Female:77.93 years
Total:75.13 years
Median Age:28.17 years
Birth Rate:17.01
Death Rate:6.15
Growth Rate:1.77 %
Fertility Rate:2.08

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2020)
  • Urbanization

Mexico Population Review

Mexico is a North American country consisting of 31 states, plus the Federal District. With a rich history and culture, Mexico is the third largest country in Latin America and is home to over 128 million people. Officially called the Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States), the country faces many of the typical challenges of a developing nation but still maintains its position as the chief economic and political force in Latin America.

The country is bordered by Guatemala on one end and the United States on the other and has long stretches of shoreline on both the Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean. A warm country, the climate is tropical with a rainy and a dry season. Its mountainous regions experience cooler temperatures and dryer climates, though most areas of Mexico receive about 40 inches of rain per year.

A divided society

Despite having the 15th largest GDP in the world, Mexico’s society is deeply divided when it comes to wealth. It is characterized by extremes of wealth and poverty with a sliver of a middle class. While 42% of Mexico’s population lives below the poverty line, with 9% living in extreme poverty, elite landowners and investors control most of the country’s wealth. For example, Carlos Slim—Mexico’s wealthiest man and the sixth richest person on earth—is worth almost 5% of the entire country’s GDP. The unevenly divided wealth is a complex issue influenced by economic and political agendas that favour the wealthy and leave millions behind.

A dangerous drug war

Mexican drug cartels have continued to expand their power since the fall of the Colombian drug cartels in the 1990s. They are now responsible for up to 90% of the cocaine entering the United States. The Mexican War on Drugs has created violent ongoing clashes between the Mexican Government, the drug cartels, and the United States government, which has resulted in many deaths for the Mexican people. While it’s difficult to accurately gauge, it’s estimated that around 127,000 Mexican people have died as a direct result of the drug war, with 27,000 more listed as missing.

A steady birth rate

While Mexico’s birth rate has decline significantly since the 1960s, it is still generous enough to replenish the population at its current level of 2.08. However, as the population ages and the country continues to urbanize, the birth rate is predicted to drop and the death rate to rise. Currently, the death rate is 6.15, but is predicted to rise to 8.63 by 2050, with the birth rate dropping from the current 17.01 to 11.31.

Rising life expectancy

As Mexico continues to develop, its life expectancy is rising as well. In the 1960s, the average person in Mexico only lived until around 57 years old. Since then, the life expectancy in the country has risen by almost 20 years to 75 years old. As is typical, women live a bit longer with an average of 77 years, while men live until about 72. There is also a large discrepancy between the life expectancy in different parts of the country, with Mexico City boasting the highest life expectancy and Guerrero having the lowest. While the life expectancy is still below that of most developed countries, Mexico’s life expectancy rate continues to rise and is predicted to hit 80 by 2050.

An expanding elderly population

The median age is Mexico is currently at around 21, but that’s set to rise. Adults over 60 years of age will almost triple to 23% by 2050. While most of Mexico’s aging population is independent and highly functional, an aging population will force the country to examine its health industry and the looming social and economic burden that an aging population places on on a country.

Review Updated: April 29, 2020

Mexico Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
196038M19M19M12.68%45.1812.276.7757.0855.0959.1416.1850.75%19.15
196139M19M20M12.77%44.9211.926.7757.6755.6659.7516.0951.59%19.75
196240M20M20M12.85%44.7011.616.7758.1956.1760.2915.9952.43%20.38
196341M21M21M12.92%44.5211.356.7858.6656.6260.7715.8953.27%21.02
196443M21M21M12.99%44.3711.116.7859.0757.0261.1915.8254.10%21.68
196544M22M22M13.06%44.2310.906.7859.4557.3861.5915.7754.93%22.37
196646M23M23M13.12%44.1010.706.7859.8157.7261.9715.7255.76%23.08
196747M23M24M13.18%43.9310.506.7660.1758.0562.3615.6856.59%23.80
196848M24M24M13.25%43.7110.296.7360.5458.3962.7715.6657.41%24.55
196950M25M25M13.32%43.4210.066.6860.9358.7363.2115.6758.23%25.32
197051M26M26M13.39%43.039.806.6161.3659.1063.7115.6859.02%26.11
197153M26M27M13.47%42.529.526.5161.8359.4964.2715.6859.78%26.91
197255M27M27M13.54%41.909.236.3862.3359.8864.8715.7060.53%27.73
197356M28M28M13.62%41.188.926.2362.8560.2965.5115.7461.28%28.55
197458M29M29M13.70%40.388.606.0663.3860.7166.1815.8062.02%29.39
197560M30M30M13.76%39.498.295.8763.9261.1366.8515.8662.76%30.22
197661M31M31M13.83%38.567.985.6664.4761.5567.5315.9463.49%31.05
197763M31M31M13.89%37.597.685.4565.0161.9968.1916.0364.22%31.87
197864M32M32M13.95%36.637.405.2365.5462.4268.8316.1464.93%32.70
197966M33M33M14.00%35.697.145.0266.0662.8669.4216.2765.65%33.52
198068M34M34M14.04%34.816.904.8266.5563.3169.9716.4166.34%34.35
198169M35M35M0.994.08%34.006.694.6467.0363.7670.4816.6166.87%35.19
198271M35M36M0.994.12%33.266.504.4667.4964.2170.9416.8367.40%36.02
198373M36M37M0.994.15%32.596.334.3067.9464.6771.3717.0467.92%36.86
198474M37M37M0.984.18%31.996.184.1668.3865.1371.7717.2768.44%37.69
198576M38M38M0.984.20%31.436.044.0368.8165.6072.1517.5068.95%38.52
198678M38M39M0.984.24%30.915.903.9069.2366.0772.5017.7469.46%39.34
198779M39M40M0.984.26%30.405.783.7969.6566.5572.8517.9769.96%40.15
198881M40M41M0.984.27%29.895.673.6870.0667.0273.1818.1970.46%40.96
198982M41M42M0.984.29%29.355.553.5770.4767.4973.5118.4270.96%41.76
199084M42M42M0.984.28%28.805.453.4770.8767.9573.8318.6771.42%42.56
199186M42M43M0.984.28%28.245.353.3771.2568.3974.1518.9771.82%43.35
199287M43M44M0.974.26%27.685.263.2771.6168.7974.4619.3272.21%44.14
199389M44M45M0.974.25%27.135.173.1871.9569.1774.7619.6772.60%44.93
199490M44M46M0.974.22%26.605.103.1072.2869.5275.0519.9972.99%45.71
199592M45M47M0.974.19%26.105.033.0272.6069.8675.3520.2973.37%46.47
199693M46M47M0.974.15%25.614.972.9572.9370.2075.6620.6473.67%47.22
199795M46M48M0.974.12%25.154.912.8873.2770.5575.9820.9773.93%47.96
199896M47M49M0.974.10%24.704.842.8273.6370.9276.3221.3074.19%48.70
199997M48M50M0.974.07%24.274.792.7773.9971.3076.6621.6174.44%49.42
200099M49M50M0.964.03%23.854.742.7274.3471.6777.0021.9374.72%50.14
2001100M49M51M0.963.99%23.434.702.6774.6672.0077.3022.2975.05%50.85
2002102M50M52M0.963.91%23.014.692.6274.9272.2677.5622.6475.37%51.55
2003103M50M53M0.963.80%22.584.702.5875.1272.4577.7722.9875.68%52.26
2004105M51M53M0.963.68%22.164.732.5475.2472.5577.9123.3276.00%52.98
2005106M52M54M0.963.54%21.744.792.5075.3072.5878.0023.6676.31%53.74
2006108M53M55M0.963.38%21.344.872.4675.3072.5378.0423.9376.62%54.53
2007109M53M56M0.963.23%20.974.962.4275.2672.4578.0424.2476.92%55.34
2008111M54M57M0.963.08%20.645.062.3975.1972.3478.0324.5677.22%56.18
2009112M55M57M0.962.94%20.335.162.3675.1372.2378.0024.8777.52%57.01
2010114M56M58M0.962.80%20.045.272.3475.0772.1477.9825.1877.82%57.84
2011116M57M59M0.962.68%19.775.372.3275.0172.0677.9525.4878.11%58.65
2012117M57M60M0.962.56%19.495.472.2974.9772.0077.9225.7778.41%59.45
2013119M58M61M0.962.45%19.205.572.2774.9371.9677.8926.0578.70%60.24
2014120M59M61M0.962.33%18.895.672.2474.9171.9477.8626.3578.99%61.01
2015122M60M62M0.962.22%18.575.762.2274.9071.9577.8426.6779.29%61.78
2016123M60M63M0.962.12%18.255.852.1974.9271.9977.8326.9579.58%62.52
2017125M61M64M0.962.02%17.925.932.1674.9572.0577.8327.2479.87%63.26
2018126M62M64M0.961.93%17.606.012.1374.9972.1277.8427.5580.16%63.97
2019128M62M65M0.961.93%17.606.012.1374.9972.1277.8427.8680.44%64.68
2020129M63M66M0.961.77%17.016.152.0875.1372.3077.9328.1780.73%65.36

Mexico Population Projections

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
2021130M64M67M0.961.70%16.746.212.0675.2672.4478.0428.4981.02%66.04
2022132M64M67M0.961.63%16.476.272.0475.3872.5878.1528.8381.30%66.70
2023133M65M68M0.961.56%16.206.322.0275.5172.7278.2729.1881.58%67.34
2024134M66M68M0.961.50%15.936.382.0075.6372.8678.3829.5481.86%67.97
2025135M66M69M0.961.43%15.666.441.9875.7673.0078.4929.8982.14%68.58
2026136M67M70M0.961.38%15.426.481.9675.9873.2278.7030.2282.42%69.18
2027138M67M70M0.961.33%15.176.521.9476.2073.4478.9030.5582.69%69.76
2028139M68M71M0.961.28%14.936.561.9376.4173.6779.1130.9082.96%70.33
2029140M68M71M0.961.22%14.686.601.9176.6373.8979.3131.2583.23%70.88
2030141M69M72M0.961.17%14.446.641.8976.8574.1179.5231.6183.50%71.42
2031142M69M72M0.961.13%14.246.701.8877.0574.3379.7131.9583.77%71.94
2032143M70M73M0.961.07%14.036.771.8677.2674.5579.9032.3084.03%72.45
2033144M70M74M0.961.02%13.836.831.8577.4674.7680.1032.6484.29%72.95
2034145M71M74M0.960.97%13.626.901.8377.6774.9880.2932.9884.55%73.43
2035146M71M74M0.960.93%13.426.961.8277.8775.2080.4833.3484.80%73.89
2036147M72M75M0.960.87%13.257.071.8178.0275.3780.6133.6785.05%74.33
2037147M72M75M0.960.83%13.097.171.8078.1775.5480.7434.0185.30%74.76
2038148M73M76M0.960.77%12.927.281.8078.3275.7180.8634.3785.54%75.16
2039149M73M76M0.960.73%12.767.381.7978.4775.8880.9934.7285.78%75.55
2040150M73M76M0.960.68%12.597.491.7878.6276.0581.1235.0786.02%75.92
2041150M74M77M0.960.64%12.457.601.7778.7876.2381.2535.4086.25%76.27
2042151M74M77M0.960.60%12.317.711.7778.9376.4181.3835.7286.48%76.61
2043152M74M77M0.960.56%12.187.831.7679.0976.6081.5036.0586.71%76.93
2044152M75M78M0.960.52%12.047.941.7679.2476.7881.6336.3986.93%77.23
2045153M75M78M0.960.48%11.908.051.7579.4076.9681.7636.7387.15%77.51
2046153M75M78M0.960.44%11.788.171.7579.5577.1481.8837.0487.37%77.77
2047154M75M79M0.960.41%11.668.281.7479.7077.3282.0137.3687.59%78.02
2048154M76M79M0.960.38%11.558.401.7479.8577.4982.1337.6787.80%78.25
2049155M76M79M0.960.34%11.438.511.7380.0077.6782.2637.9988.00%78.46
2050155M76M79M0.960.31%11.318.631.7380.1577.8582.3838.3188.21%78.66

Highest City Populations in Mexico

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RankCityPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Mexico City21,815,71212,294,193
2Guadalajara5,202,9051,495,182
3Monterrey4,898,8241,135,512
4Puebla3,210,3241,434,062
5Toluca de Lerdo2,484,162489,333
6Tijuana2,152,5651,300,983
7Leon de los Aldamas1,832,0491,238,962
8La Laguna1,634,00152,233
9Ciudad Juarez1,525,1291,321,004
10Queretaro1,346,662626,495
11San Luis Potosi1,222,823722,772
12Merida1,166,823777,615
13Mexicali1,127,129689,775
14Aguascalientes1,111,517722,250
15Cuernavaca1,079,904338,650
16Chihuahua1,061,742809,232
17Tampico1,005,597309,003
18Saltillo989,210709,671
19Acapulco de Juarez982,678673,479
20Morelia952,984597,511
21Cancun952,888628,306
22Veracruz922,678428,323
23Reynosa904,517589,466
24Villahermosa902,597353,577
25Hermosillo872,904715,061
26Tuxtla Gutierrez853,210537,102
27Culiacan844,210675,773
28Xalapa779,678424,755
29Oaxaca de Juarez708,371255,029
30Celaya683,452340,387
31Pachuca de Soto636,678256,584
32Durango634,678518,709
33Tlaxcala599,06584,670
34Poza Rica de Hidalgo566,839185,242
35Matamoros565,45252,233
36Tepic549,678332,863
37Cuautla Morelos519,758154,358
38Puerto Vallarta520,597203,342
39Orizaba476,532120,844
40Mazatlan457,45245,108
41Irapuato455,452380,941
42Nuevo Laredo449,145373,725
43Colima412,452137,383
44Minatitlan402,532112,046
45Coatzacoalcos396,532235,983
46Ciudad Obregon374,145298,625
47Zacatecas371,145129,011
48Ciudad Victoria363,839305,155
49Monclova362,532215,271
50Cordoba353,226140,896
51Tehuacan343,532248,716
52Ensenada336,839279,765
53Uruapan332,145264,439
54Los Mochis314,839256,613

Map of Mexico

All Countries in North America

Mexico129M