Brazil Population

Population now

214,610,576
  • World: 6th
  • South America: 1st
Male:105,388,999(49.11 %)
Female:109,223,007(50.89 %)
Births in 2021:4,194,651
Deaths in 2021:1,999,348

Life expectancy & Rates (2021)

Male:72.24 years
Female:79.56 years
Total:75.88 years
Median Age:32.90 years
Birth Rate:13.70
Death Rate:6.53
Growth Rate:1.10 %
Fertility Rate:1.72

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2021)
  • Urbanization

Brazil Population Review

Brazil is the largest country in South America and Latin America and the fifth-largest country by area and sixth most populous country in the world. Officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil, the country has 212.7 million people and borders all other countries in South American except for Ecuador and Chile. Brazil covers 47.3% of the continent’s land area and is home to diverse wildlife and a unique environmental heritage, making it one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries.

Brazil has had over a hundred years of mass migration from around the world, which has made it a deeply multicultural and ethnically diverse nation. Its official language is Portuguese, and it is the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country.

A dropping birth rate and mounting death rate

The combination of a mounting death rate, low net migration, and a falling birth rate will mean that Brazil’s population growth will begin to slow every year after 2040. The country is also expected to begin aging rapidly as the median age rises from around 32 years old to around 44 years old in 2050. This increase in the aging population will start to tax Brazil’s social programs and affect the country’s economy as it loses more and more of its working population.

Extreme poverty on the rise

The number of those living in extreme poverty in Brazil is on the rise, with an estimated 15.2 million people living on less than $1.90 a day in 2017. There is around 13 percent of the population—or 27 million people—who are currently living in households that fail to meet a healthy standard in one of four categories: physical characteristics, access to services, occupancy conditions, or goods in the household. There is also a noted issue with household occupancy, with 12.2 million people reporting that they sleep with over 3 people per bedroom. As of 2013, there were two million people living in favelas, or slums, with high crime rates and as high rate of disease and infant mortality.

A movement to urbanization

Brazil's major metropolitan areas have experienced a dramatic increase in urbanization in the past 70 years. In 1960, Brazil's urban and rural population were almost even, with around 70 million people split almost evenly between rural and urban living areas. Since then, the urban population has continued to grow to almost 80% of the country's population—with 185 million people living in major metropolitan areas.

Brazil has 17 cities with over a million residents, with seven of these having more than 2 million residents. The two most populated cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo have a total population of 18, 970,926 people, as of 2019.

Uncontacted tribes

There is a faction of Brazil’s population that has never been calculated or added to any census: the uncontacted Indians of Brazil. Living deep in the Amazon rainforest, there are thought to be over 70 tribes of uncontacted peoples. While brief interactions with ranchers or missionaries have often resulted in the death of tribe members—either through violence or exposure to illness. Overall, there are 305 tribes living in Brazil today, with around 900,000 people.

The world’s largest carnival

Each year, Rio de Janeiro hosts the world’s largest carnival in the first week of March. Each day, the carnival attracts 2 million people. The carnival is a unique combination of Portuguese and African culture and is also rooted in Catholicism as a celebration before the 40 days of lent. In 2019, 1.7 million tourists arrived in Rio De Janeiro to celebrate carnival season.

Review Updated: August 13, 2020

Brazil Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
196072M36M36M0.992.17%42.2813.356.0654.1452.2656.0717.5946.14%8.48
196174M37M37M0.992.22%41.9313.046.0354.6352.6856.6417.5047.12%8.73
196277M38M38M0.992.26%41.4812.725.9855.1353.1057.2217.4048.10%8.99
196379M39M40M0.992.30%40.9112.395.9155.6353.5257.8017.3249.08%9.25
196481M40M41M0.992.34%40.2312.065.8256.1253.9458.3817.2750.06%9.52
196583M42M42M0.992.37%39.4511.725.7056.6154.3658.9417.2851.04%9.79
196686M43M43M0.992.39%38.5911.385.5757.0954.7859.4917.2652.02%10.07
196788M44M44M0.992.41%37.6811.055.4257.5655.2060.0317.3152.99%10.34
196890M45M45M0.992.42%36.7810.745.2758.0355.6160.5417.4053.97%10.62
196993M46M47M0.992.44%35.9110.445.1258.4856.0261.0417.5254.94%10.90
197095M47M48M0.992.46%35.1210.164.9758.9156.4261.5217.6455.91%11.17
197197M49M49M0.992.48%34.439.904.8459.3356.8261.9717.7856.89%11.45
1972100M50M50M0.992.50%33.879.674.7159.7457.2162.4017.9357.88%11.73
1973102M51M51M0.992.53%33.419.474.6060.1357.5962.8018.1058.86%12.01
1974105M52M53M0.992.56%33.069.284.5060.5157.9663.1918.2759.83%12.30
1975107M53M54M0.992.60%32.809.124.4260.8858.3263.5718.4560.79%12.60
1976110M55M55M0.992.64%32.628.974.3461.2458.6763.9518.6261.75%12.90
1977112M56M56M0.992.68%32.478.834.2761.6059.0064.3218.7762.69%13.21
1978115M57M58M0.992.72%32.338.694.2061.9459.3264.7018.9363.63%13.52
1979118M59M59M0.992.75%32.148.564.1262.2959.6365.0919.1264.55%13.85
1980121M60M61M0.992.79%31.888.424.0462.6359.9265.4919.3465.47%14.18
1981124M62M62M0.992.80%31.498.283.9462.9860.2165.9019.5166.37%14.52
1982126M63M63M0.992.81%30.998.133.8463.3360.5066.3219.7167.26%14.86
1983129M64M65M0.992.81%30.377.983.7263.6860.7966.7519.9368.14%15.21
1984132M66M66M0.992.79%29.657.823.6064.0461.0867.1920.1469.01%15.55
1985135M67M68M0.992.77%28.847.663.4764.4161.3867.6320.3769.86%15.89
1986138M69M69M0.992.73%27.997.513.3464.7861.6968.0720.5870.70%16.23
1987141M70M71M0.992.69%27.137.353.2265.1762.0268.5120.8171.53%16.55
1988144M71M72M0.992.65%26.307.213.1065.5562.3668.9521.0772.34%16.87
1989146M73M74M0.992.61%25.537.073.0065.9562.7169.3921.3373.14%17.19
1990149M74M75M0.992.57%24.846.952.9066.3463.0769.8221.5873.92%17.51
1991152M75M76M0.992.55%24.256.842.8266.7463.4370.2621.8574.69%17.82
1992154M77M78M0.992.52%23.726.732.7567.1463.7870.7022.1175.44%18.12
1993157M78M79M0.992.50%23.256.642.6967.5464.1471.1422.3676.18%18.43
1994159M79M80M0.992.49%22.836.552.6467.9364.4871.5822.6376.90%18.73
1995162M80M82M0.992.47%22.426.472.5968.3264.8272.0222.9077.61%19.03
1996165M82M83M0.982.44%22.026.402.5468.7065.1572.4523.1678.30%19.34
1997167M83M84M0.982.41%21.606.342.4869.0665.4772.8623.4179.05%19.64
1998170M84M86M0.982.37%21.156.282.4369.4265.7873.2623.6779.78%19.95
1999172M85M87M0.982.31%20.656.232.3769.7766.1073.6423.9580.50%20.24
2000175M87M88M0.982.25%20.126.192.3070.1266.4274.0024.2781.19%20.53
2001177M88M89M0.982.18%19.556.152.2370.4666.7574.3624.5981.55%20.82
2002180M89M91M0.982.10%18.966.112.1670.8167.0974.7224.9481.88%21.09
2003182M90M92M0.982.02%18.366.082.1071.1767.4475.0725.3282.20%21.36
2004184M91M93M0.981.94%17.796.062.0371.5367.8075.4225.7082.52%21.62
2005186M92M94M0.981.85%17.246.041.9871.9068.1775.7826.0982.83%21.87
2006188M93M95M0.981.78%16.756.021.9372.2668.5476.1226.5083.14%22.11
2007190M94M96M0.981.71%16.316.021.8872.6268.9176.4626.9183.45%22.34
2008192M95M97M0.971.64%15.926.021.8572.9769.2776.7827.3283.75%22.56
2009194M96M98M0.971.59%15.606.031.8273.3069.6277.0927.7384.04%22.78
2010196M97M99M0.971.53%15.336.051.8073.6269.9577.3828.1584.34%22.99
2011198M97M100M0.971.49%15.116.071.7873.9270.2777.6628.5884.63%23.20
2012199M98M101M0.971.44%14.936.111.7774.2170.5677.9329.0184.92%23.41
2013201M99M102M0.971.40%14.776.151.7674.4870.8478.1929.4885.21%23.62
2014203M100M103M0.971.36%14.626.201.7674.7571.1078.4529.9385.49%23.82
2015204M101M104M0.971.32%14.476.251.7574.9971.3578.7030.3785.77%24.02
2016206M101M105M0.971.27%14.316.311.7575.2371.5878.9330.7886.04%24.22
2017208M102M106M0.971.21%14.136.381.7475.4671.8079.1631.1986.31%24.42
2018209M103M106M0.971.16%13.926.451.7375.6772.0279.3631.6286.57%24.61
2019211M104M107M0.971.10%13.706.531.7275.8872.2479.5632.0586.82%24.79
2020213M104M108M0.971.10%13.706.531.7275.8872.2479.5632.4887.07%24.97
2021214M105M109M0.971.10%13.706.531.7275.8872.2479.5632.9087.32%25.14

Brazil Population Projections

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
2022215M106M110M0.96???????33.3287.56%25.30
2023217M106M110M0.96???????33.7487.79%25.45
2024218M107M111M0.96???????34.1588.02%25.59
2025219M107M112M0.960.72%12.217.081.6477.0673.5780.5734.5788.24%25.73
2026220M108M112M0.960.67%12.017.191.6377.2573.7980.7334.9888.46%25.86
2027221M108M113M0.960.62%11.817.291.6277.4574.0180.8935.3988.67%25.98
2028222M109M113M0.960.57%11.627.401.6277.6474.2481.0635.7988.88%26.09
2029223M109M114M0.960.52%11.427.501.6177.8474.4681.2236.2089.08%26.20
2030224M110M114M0.960.47%11.227.611.6078.0374.6881.3836.6389.28%26.30
2031225M110M115M0.960.43%11.077.731.5978.2274.9081.5337.0289.47%26.39
2032225M110M115M0.960.39%10.927.851.5978.4175.1281.6837.4289.66%26.48
2033226M111M115M0.960.35%10.777.961.5878.5975.3481.8437.8289.85%26.55
2034227M111M116M0.960.31%10.628.081.5878.7875.5681.9938.2290.03%26.63
2035227M111M116M0.960.28%10.478.201.5778.9775.7882.1438.6390.20%26.69
2036228M111M116M0.960.24%10.358.331.5779.1576.0082.2839.0290.37%26.75
2037228M111M117M0.960.21%10.248.461.5779.3376.2282.4339.4290.54%26.80
2038228M112M117M0.960.18%10.128.601.5679.5276.4382.5739.8390.70%26.84
2039229M112M117M0.960.15%10.018.731.5679.7076.6582.7240.2290.86%26.88
2040229M112M117M0.950.12%9.898.861.5679.8876.8782.8640.6291.02%26.91
2041229M112M117M0.950.09%9.819.001.5680.0677.0983.0040.9891.17%26.93
2042229M112M117M0.950.06%9.739.141.5680.2477.3183.1341.3491.32%26.95
2043230M112M117M0.950.04%9.669.271.5780.4277.5483.2741.7091.46%26.97
2044230M112M117M0.950.02%9.589.411.5780.6077.7683.4042.0791.61%26.97
2045230M112M118M0.95-0.01%9.509.551.5780.7877.9883.5442.4391.75%26.97
2046230M112M117M0.95-0.03%9.449.691.5780.9678.1983.6742.7691.89%26.97
2047229M112M117M0.95-0.05%9.389.831.5781.1378.4183.8143.0992.03%26.96
2048229M112M117M0.95-0.07%9.329.971.5881.3178.6283.9443.4292.16%26.95
2049229M112M117M0.95-0.08%9.2610.111.5881.4878.8484.0843.7492.29%26.93
2050229M112M117M0.95-0.10%9.2010.251.5881.6679.0584.2144.0692.43%26.90

Highest City Populations in Brazil

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RankCityPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Sao Paulo22,320,57310,021,295
2Rio de Janeiro13,581,0486,023,699
3Belo Horizonte6,164,1242,373,224
4Brasilia4,763,3252,207,718
5Recife4,195,6781,478,098
6Porto Alegre4,171,3391,372,741
7Fortaleza4,140,2472,400,000
8Salvador3,897,6622,711,840
9Curitiba3,746,2471,718,421
10Campinas3,362,5241,031,554
11Goiania2,772,9861,171,195
12Belem2,371,20115,550
13Manaus2,319,6621,598,210
14Vitoria2,124,647312,656
15Baixada Santista1,919,185411,403
16Sao Luis1,503,169917,237
17Natal1,497,062763,043
18Joao Pessoa1,399,462650,883
19Maceio1,343,031954,991
20Joinville1,325,893461,304
21Florianopolis1,267,616412,724
22Teresina1,035,308744,512
23Aracaju1,034,754490,175
24Campo Grande911,308729,151
25Londrina904,600471,832
26Sorocaba800,308558,862
27Sao Jose dos Campos734,877613,764
28Ribeirao Preto728,308619,746
29Uberlandia698,446563,536
30Jundiai691,877321,589
31Feira De Santana613,446610,000
32Cuiaba593,292521,934
33Juiz De Fora583,585470,193
34Ipatinga527,723228,746
35Porto Velho525,739306,180
36Macapa500,308338,936
37Caxias Do Sul491,154381,270
38Petrolina489,877194,650
39Juazeiro Do Norte472,446225,230
40Campos dos Goytacazes455,292387,417
41Volta Redonda446,431249,580
42Sao Jose do Rio Preto446,154374,699
43Maringa428,585311,724
44Piracicaba406,723342,209
45Montes Claros403,723332,379
46Campina Grande402,862348,936
47Anapolis390,723319,587
48Bauru380,292335,024
49Rio Branco377,154257,642
50Franca356,292305,041
51Ponta Grossa354,723292,177
52Blumenau353,723293,949
53Boa Vista352,585235,150
54Uberaba338,723260,843
55Caruaru338,154235,371
56Vitoria da Conquista333,723253,137
57Pelotas328,862320,674
58Cascavel319,72352,357
59Taubate317,292251,641

Map of Brazil

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