Africa Population

Population now

1,346,628,631
Male:672,987,117(49.98 %)
Female:673,646,093(50.02 %)
Births in 2021:37,781,711
Deaths in 2021:9,059,248

Life expectancy & Rates (2021)

Male:62.14 years
Female:65.72 years
Total:63.92 years
Median Age:18.81 years
Birth Rate:32.53
Death Rate:7.80
Growth Rate:3.17 %
Fertility Rate:4.34

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2021)
  • Urbanization

Africa Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
1960279M139M140M0.991.05%47.4823.126.6941.7740.4443.1317.6518.70%9.27
1961286M142M143M0.991.09%47.3722.706.7142.2440.9143.6117.5119.07%9.49
1962293M146M147M0.991.12%47.2522.306.7242.7041.3644.0817.3919.45%9.73
1963300M149M151M0.991.15%47.1321.926.7343.1541.8044.5317.2919.84%9.97
1964307M153M154M0.991.18%46.9921.546.7443.5842.2344.9717.2220.25%10.22
1965315M157M158M0.991.21%46.8521.186.7544.0042.6445.4017.1720.67%10.48
1966323M161M162M0.991.24%46.7120.846.7544.4243.0545.8317.0421.08%10.74
1967331M165M166M0.991.27%46.5620.496.7544.8343.4546.2416.9621.46%11.02
1968340M169M171M0.991.30%46.4520.166.7545.2343.8446.6616.9021.85%11.30
1969349M174M175M0.991.34%46.3319.836.7545.6444.2347.0716.8622.24%11.59
1970358M178M180M0.991.37%46.2319.506.7546.0444.6347.5016.8422.62%11.89
1971367M183M184M0.991.41%46.1519.166.7546.4645.0447.9316.7723.04%12.21
1972377M188M189M0.991.45%46.0718.846.7546.8945.4748.3616.7123.46%12.53
1973387M193M194M0.991.48%45.9818.516.7447.3345.9048.8116.6823.89%12.86
1974398M198M199M0.991.52%45.9018.186.7347.7846.3449.2716.6624.31%13.21
1975408M204M205M0.991.57%45.8017.856.7248.2446.7949.7316.6524.74%13.57
1976420M209M210M0.991.61%45.7017.536.7048.7047.2450.1916.6025.17%13.95
1977432M215M216M11.65%45.5817.216.6849.1547.6950.6616.5725.59%14.34
1978444M221M222M11.69%45.4716.906.6649.6048.1351.1216.5626.03%14.75
1979456M228M229M11.73%45.3316.596.6450.0548.5651.5716.5626.43%15.17
1980469M234M235M11.77%45.1716.306.6150.4848.9852.0216.5726.81%15.60
1981483M241M242M11.81%44.9716.016.5850.9149.3952.4616.5127.24%16.05
1982497M248M249M11.85%44.7415.726.5451.3149.7852.8916.4827.67%16.51
1983511M255M256M11.88%44.4715.446.5051.7150.1553.3016.4728.12%16.98
1984526M262M263M11.91%44.1615.186.4452.0750.5053.6916.4728.60%17.47
1985541M270M271M11.93%43.8214.956.3952.4050.8154.0416.4829.10%17.97
1986556M277M279M11.94%43.4314.756.3252.6751.0654.3416.4629.61%18.48
1987572M285M287M11.95%43.0014.596.2452.8951.2554.5816.4630.11%19.01
1988588M293M295M11.94%42.5414.486.1653.0451.3754.7716.4830.59%19.55
1989605M302M303M11.92%42.0714.406.0853.1451.4454.9016.5131.08%20.09
1990621M310M311M11.90%41.5814.355.9953.2051.4755.0016.5731.58%20.64
1991638M318M320M0.991.88%41.1014.295.9053.2451.4955.0716.6132.01%21.20
1992655M327M328M0.991.86%40.6514.235.8153.2751.5055.1216.6832.43%21.76
1993672M335M337M0.991.84%40.2314.155.7353.3051.5155.1616.7632.83%22.33
1994689M344M346M0.991.83%39.8414.075.6553.3351.5455.2016.8633.19%22.91
1995707M352M355M0.991.83%39.5013.985.5853.3651.5855.2216.9733.52%23.50
1996725M361M363M0.991.82%39.1913.895.5153.4051.6455.2517.0333.83%24.09
1997743M370M373M0.991.82%38.9113.795.4553.4651.7255.2817.1034.14%24.69
1998761M379M382M0.991.83%38.6613.675.3953.5551.8455.3417.1834.46%25.30
1999780M389M391M0.991.84%38.4113.535.3353.6952.0155.4417.2734.77%25.92
2000799M398M401M0.991.86%38.1913.375.2853.8952.2555.6017.3735.09%26.56
2001819M408M411M0.991.88%37.9813.175.2354.1652.5655.8317.4335.46%27.20
2002839M418M421M0.991.92%37.7912.935.1954.5252.9556.1517.5135.84%27.87
2003859M428M431M0.991.97%37.6112.655.1554.9653.4156.5517.5936.23%28.54
2004880M439M441M0.992.04%37.4512.335.1155.4753.9457.0417.6836.62%29.25
2005902M449M452M0.992.11%37.2911.985.0856.0554.5357.6017.7637.02%29.97
2006924M461M464M0.992.20%37.1411.615.0556.6855.1758.2217.8337.43%30.72
2007948M472M475M0.992.30%36.9911.225.0157.3555.8358.8917.8937.80%31.50
2008972M485M487M0.992.40%36.8310.844.9858.0356.5059.5817.9538.24%32.30
2009997M497M500M0.992.50%36.6510.464.9558.7157.1660.2718.0138.69%33.13
20101023M510M513M0.992.61%36.4510.104.9159.3757.7960.9618.0739.15%33.99
20111049M523M526M0.992.71%36.199.754.8760.0058.4061.6118.1139.61%34.87
20121077M537M540M12.80%35.899.444.8260.6058.9762.2418.1640.06%35.78
20131105M551M554M12.89%35.549.144.7761.1659.5162.8318.2140.51%36.72
20141134M566M568M12.96%35.158.874.7161.6960.0163.3818.2640.96%37.68
20151163M581M583M13.02%34.738.634.6562.1760.4763.8918.3241.42%38.66
20161193M596M598M13.07%34.278.414.5962.6060.8864.3418.3841.88%39.66
20171224M611M613M13.11%33.818.224.5362.9961.2564.7418.4542.35%40.68
20181255M627M628M13.14%33.368.064.4663.3461.5865.1018.5342.82%41.72
20191287M643M644M13.16%32.927.924.4063.6561.8865.4318.6243.30%42.77
20201319M659M660M13.17%32.497.794.3363.9462.1665.7318.7243.78%43.83
20211351M675M676M13.17%32.537.804.3463.9262.1465.7218.8144.27%44.90

Africa Population Projections

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  • 10 years
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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
20221384M692M692M13.17%31.747.614.2264.4462.6366.2618.9144.75%45.99
20231417M708M709M13.18%31.367.514.1664.6962.8766.5219.0245.25%47.09
20241450M725M725M13.18%30.997.424.1064.9463.1166.7819.1645.74%48.20
20251484M742M742M13.18%30.617.324.0465.1963.3467.0519.3146.24%49.32
20261519M759M759M13.18%30.307.253.9965.4263.5767.2919.4546.74%50.47
20271553M777M777M13.18%29.987.183.9465.6663.7967.5419.6047.25%51.62
20281589M794M794M13.17%29.667.113.8965.8964.0167.7919.7747.75%52.79
20291624M812M812M13.17%29.357.033.8466.1264.2368.0419.9448.26%53.98
20301660M830M830M13.17%29.036.963.7866.3664.4568.2920.1248.77%55.18
20311697M849M848M13.16%28.756.913.7366.5764.6568.5120.2949.29%56.39
20321734M867M867M13.14%28.466.873.6966.7864.8568.7320.4849.81%57.62
20331771M886M885M13.13%28.176.823.6466.9965.0568.9620.6650.32%58.86
20341809M905M904M13.12%27.886.773.5967.2165.2569.1920.8550.84%60.11
20351847M924M923M13.11%27.596.723.5567.4265.4569.4121.0451.36%61.37
20361885M943M942M13.08%27.326.693.5067.6165.6369.6221.2251.88%62.65
20371924M962M961M13.05%27.046.673.4667.8065.8169.8221.4152.41%63.93
20381963M982M981M13.03%26.766.643.4268.0065.9970.0321.5952.93%65.23
20392002M1002M1001M13.00%26.476.613.3868.1966.1770.2421.7953.46%66.54
20402042M1021M1020M12.98%26.196.583.3368.3866.3570.4421.9853.99%67.85
20412082M1041M1040M12.94%25.916.573.3068.5666.5270.6322.1654.53%69.17
20422122M1061M1060M12.91%25.636.563.2668.7466.6870.8222.3455.06%70.50
20432162M1081M1081M12.88%25.356.543.2268.9166.8571.0122.5255.59%71.84
20442202M1101M1101M12.84%25.066.533.1869.0967.0271.2022.7156.13%73.18
20452243M1122M1121M12.80%24.786.523.1569.2767.1871.3922.9056.66%74.53
20462283M1142M1142M12.76%24.516.523.1169.4367.3371.5623.0857.20%75.88
20472324M1162M1162M12.72%24.246.523.0869.5967.4871.7323.2657.73%77.23
20482365M1182M1182M12.67%23.966.523.0569.7667.6471.9123.4558.27%78.59
20492406M1203M1203M12.63%23.696.523.0269.9267.7972.0923.6358.80%79.95
20502447M1223M1224M12.59%23.426.532.9870.0867.9572.2623.8359.33%81.31

Highest City Population in Africa (mid 2021)

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  • Top 5
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RankCityCountryPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1CairoEgypt21,263,7457,734,614
2KinshasaDemocratic Republic of the Congo14,881,8197,785,965
3LagosNigeria14,792,6359,000,000
4LuandaAngola8,589,5952,776,168
5Dar es SalaamTanzania6,998,5572,698,652
6KhartoumSudan5,966,5341,974,647
7JohannesburgSouth Africa5,906,7802,026,469
8AlexandriaEgypt5,366,9593,811,516
9AbidjanIvory Coast5,333,6573,677,115
10Addis AbabaEthiopia4,976,2322,757,729
11NairobiKenya4,895,7422,750,547
12Cape TownSouth Africa4,697,0823,433,441
13YaoundeCameroon4,139,8491,299,369
14KanoNigeria4,088,3973,626,068
15CasablancaMorocco3,788,1033,144,909
16DoualaCameroon3,774,7461,338,082
17IbadanNigeria3,635,3803,565,108
18AntananarivoMadagascar3,509,1121,391,433
19KumasiGhana3,470,0611,468,609
20KampalaUganda3,445,8491,353,189
21AbujaNigeria3,437,883590,400
22DakarSenegal3,217,3632,476,400
23EthekwiniSouth Africa3,173,4733,120,282
24Port HarcourtNigeria3,149,7971,148,665
25OuagadougouBurkina Faso2,896,0441,086,505
26LusakaZambia2,887,4651,267,440
27AlgiersAlgeria2,803,2431,977,663
28BamakoMali2,699,6611,297,281
29PretoriaSouth Africa2,642,5031,619,438
30Mbuji-MayiDemocratic Republic of the Congo2,626,431874,761
31LubumbashiDemocratic Republic of the Congo2,569,1161,373,770
32AccraGhana2,550,9621,963,264
33BrazzavilleRepublic of the Congo2,458,4861,284,609
34TunisTunisia2,397,664693,210
35MogadishuSomalia2,373,1162,388,000
36ConakryGuinea1,983,5581,767,200
37RabatMorocco1,903,9111,655,753
38LomeTogo1,867,541749,700
39Benin CityNigeria1,774,2771,125,058
40MatolaMozambique1,742,103675,422
41MonroviaLiberia1,561,698939,524
42HarareZimbabwe1,540,3151,542,000
43KanangaDemocratic Republic of the Congo1,514,733463,546
44OnitshaNigeria1,473,452561,066
45N'DjamenaChad1,468,558721,081
46NouakchottMauritania1,363,996661,400
47MombasaKenya1,334,681799,668
48NiameyNiger1,329,822774,235
49KisanganiDemocratic Republic of the Congo1,304,839539,158
50Port ElizabethSouth Africa1,265,175967,677

Map of Africa

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