Africa Population

Population now

1,298,556,738
Male:648,681,682(49.95 %)
Female:649,872,774(50.05 %)
Births in 2019:23,195,240
Deaths in 2019:5,731,915

Life expectancy & Rates (2019)

Male:61.83 years
Female:65.26 years
Total:63.54 years
Median Age:18.69 years
Birth Rate:32.94
Death Rate:8.14
Growth Rate:3.05 %
Fertility Rate:4.40

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2019)
  • Urbanization

Africa Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
1960280M139M141M0.991.06%47.7123.216.7241.7740.4443.1517.5618.74%9.32
1961287M143M144M0.991.09%47.5922.796.7342.2440.9043.6217.4219.12%9.54
1962294M146M148M0.991.12%47.4622.396.7442.7041.3544.0817.3119.50%9.78
1963302M150M152M0.991.15%47.3322.006.7543.1441.7944.5217.2219.89%10.02
1964309M154M155M0.991.18%47.1721.616.7643.5742.2244.9617.1520.30%10.28
1965317M158M159M0.991.21%47.0121.246.7644.0042.6345.3917.1020.72%10.54
1966325M162M163M0.991.24%46.8620.896.7644.4143.0445.8216.9821.13%10.81
1967334M166M168M0.991.27%46.7020.546.7644.8243.4346.2516.9021.51%11.09
1968342M170M172M0.991.31%46.5720.206.7645.2343.8246.6716.8521.90%11.37
1969351M175M176M0.991.34%46.4519.876.7645.6344.2147.1016.8222.29%11.67
1970360M179M181M0.991.37%46.3619.546.7546.0544.6047.5416.8122.68%11.98
1971370M184M186M0.991.41%46.2719.216.7546.4645.0047.9816.7423.09%12.29
1972380M189M191M0.991.45%46.2018.886.7546.8945.4048.4316.6923.52%12.61
1973390M194M196M0.991.48%46.1218.566.7447.3245.8248.8816.6623.96%12.95
1974400M199M201M0.991.53%46.0418.236.7347.7646.2449.3416.6424.38%13.30
1975411M205M206M0.991.57%45.9517.916.7248.2046.6649.7916.6424.81%13.66
1976422M210M212M0.991.60%45.8417.606.7048.6447.0950.2416.5925.25%14.04
1977434M216M218M0.991.64%45.7217.296.6849.0747.5150.6916.5725.67%14.43
1978447M223M224M0.991.68%45.5916.996.6649.5047.9251.1316.5626.10%14.84
1979459M229M230M0.991.72%45.4316.706.6349.9148.3251.5616.5626.50%15.26
1980472M236M237M0.991.76%45.2416.426.6050.3248.7151.9916.5726.89%15.70
1981486M242M244M0.991.79%45.0216.146.5750.7149.0952.4016.5127.31%16.15
1982500M249M251M0.991.82%44.7615.866.5351.1049.4652.8016.4727.75%16.61
1983514M256M258M0.991.85%44.4815.606.4851.4649.8053.1916.4628.19%17.09
1984529M264M265M0.991.88%44.1615.366.4351.8150.1353.5516.4628.67%17.58
1985544M271M273M0.991.89%43.8015.136.3752.1250.4253.8816.4829.17%18.08
1986560M279M281M0.991.91%43.4114.946.3152.3850.6754.1716.4629.68%18.59
1987575M287M289M0.991.91%42.9914.786.2452.5950.8554.4016.4630.17%19.12
1988591M295M297M0.991.90%42.5414.666.1652.7550.9954.5816.4830.66%19.65
1989608M303M305M0.991.89%42.0714.586.0752.8651.0854.7116.5231.14%20.20
1990625M311M313M0.991.87%41.6014.515.9952.9451.1454.8016.5931.63%20.75
1991641M320M322M0.991.85%41.1314.435.9053.0051.1954.8716.6232.06%21.32
1992659M328M330M0.991.83%40.6814.355.8153.0551.2554.9316.6932.47%21.89
1993676M337M339M0.991.83%40.2614.255.7253.1151.3254.9816.7732.87%22.47
1994694M346M348M0.991.82%39.8714.155.6553.1851.4055.0216.8833.23%23.06
1995712M355M357M0.991.82%39.5214.035.5753.2551.5055.0716.9933.54%23.65
1996730M364M366M0.991.82%39.2213.915.5153.3451.6255.1117.0533.85%24.25
1997748M373M375M0.991.82%38.9413.795.4453.4351.7655.1617.1234.16%24.85
1998766M382M385M0.991.83%38.6913.655.3953.5651.9355.2417.2034.46%25.47
1999785M391M394M0.991.85%38.4613.495.3453.7352.1355.3617.3034.77%26.10
2000805M401M404M0.991.87%38.2513.315.2953.9552.3955.5417.4035.08%26.74
2001824M411M414M0.991.90%38.0513.115.2454.2452.7255.8017.4635.45%27.39
2002845M421M424M0.991.94%37.8612.865.2054.6253.1356.1517.5435.82%28.07
2003866M431M434M0.992.00%37.6812.585.1655.0853.6156.5717.6236.20%28.76
2004887M442M445M0.992.06%37.4912.265.1255.6154.1757.0817.7136.59%29.48
2005909M453M456M0.992.13%37.3211.925.0856.2154.7857.6617.8036.99%30.22
2006932M465M468M0.992.22%37.1511.555.0456.8655.4358.3117.8637.39%30.98
2007956M476M479M0.992.31%36.9811.185.0157.5456.1058.9917.9237.75%31.76
2008980M489M492M0.992.40%36.8110.824.9758.2256.7659.6917.9938.18%32.57
20091005M501M504M0.992.50%36.6310.464.9358.8857.4060.3818.0638.62%33.41
20101032M514M517M0.992.60%36.4210.134.9059.5258.0161.0518.1239.07%34.28
20111059M528M531M0.992.68%36.189.824.8660.1258.5761.6918.1739.53%35.18
20121086M542M544M12.76%35.889.544.8160.6959.1062.2918.2239.97%36.10
20131115M556M559M12.83%35.549.274.7661.2159.5962.8418.2640.42%37.05
20141144M571M573M12.89%35.159.034.7061.6960.0563.3518.3240.87%38.02
20151174M586M588M12.94%34.728.814.6462.1360.4763.8118.3841.32%39.01
20161204M601M603M12.98%34.278.614.5862.5360.8664.2318.4341.78%40.01
20171235M617M618M12.99%33.838.484.5262.8461.1564.5418.5142.24%41.03
20181266M632M633M13.02%33.388.314.4663.1961.4964.9018.5942.70%42.06
20191297M648M649M13.05%32.948.144.4063.5461.8365.2618.6943.17%43.11

Africa Population Projections

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
20201329M664M665M13.07%32.507.984.3363.8962.1765.6218.7843.65%44.17
20211361M680M681M13.09%32.137.864.2764.1862.4665.9218.8944.12%45.24
20221394M697M698M13.10%31.767.744.2264.4862.7466.2318.9944.61%46.33
20231428M713M714M13.12%31.397.624.1664.7763.0366.5419.1145.09%47.44
20241461M730M731M13.14%31.027.494.1165.0763.3266.8419.2445.58%48.56
20251495M748M748M13.16%30.667.374.0565.3763.6067.1519.3946.08%49.70
20261530M765M765M13.17%30.357.284.0065.6563.8867.4419.5346.58%50.85
20271565M783M783M13.18%30.047.193.9565.9464.1567.7419.6847.08%52.01
20281601M800M800M13.19%29.737.093.9066.2264.4368.0319.8447.58%53.19
20291637M818M818M13.20%29.427.003.8566.5164.7168.3320.0148.09%54.39
20301673M837M837M13.22%29.126.903.8066.7964.9868.6220.1948.60%55.61
20311710M855M855M13.22%28.846.833.7567.0565.2368.8920.3649.11%56.83
20321748M874M874M13.22%28.566.763.7067.3165.4869.1720.5449.63%58.08
20331786M893M893M13.22%28.286.703.6667.5865.7369.4420.7250.14%59.34
20341824M912M912M13.22%28.006.633.6167.8465.9869.7120.9050.66%60.61
20351863M932M931M13.23%27.726.563.5668.1066.2369.9921.0951.18%61.90
20361902M951M951M13.22%27.446.513.5268.3466.4570.2321.2651.70%63.20
20371941M971M970M13.20%27.166.463.4868.5766.6770.4821.4452.22%64.52
20381981M991M990M13.19%26.886.423.4468.8066.9070.7321.6352.75%65.85
20392022M1011M1011M13.18%26.606.373.4069.0467.1270.9721.8153.28%67.19
20402062M1032M1031M13.16%26.316.323.3669.2767.3471.2222.0053.81%68.54
20412103M1052M1051M13.13%26.036.303.3269.4967.5571.4522.1854.34%69.90
20422145M1073M1072M13.11%25.756.273.2869.7067.7571.6722.3654.87%71.27
20432186M1093M1093M13.08%25.466.243.2469.9267.9571.9022.5455.40%72.65
20442228M1114M1114M13.05%25.186.213.2170.1368.1672.1322.7255.94%74.04
20452270M1135M1135M13.03%24.896.183.1770.3568.3672.3622.9056.47%75.43
20462312M1156M1156M12.99%24.616.173.1470.5568.5672.5723.0857.01%76.83
20472354M1177M1177M12.95%24.346.163.1070.7568.7572.7823.2657.54%78.23
20482397M1198M1198M12.91%24.066.153.0770.9568.9472.9923.4458.07%79.64
20492439M1220M1219M12.88%23.786.133.0471.1569.1373.2123.6258.61%81.06
20502482M1241M1241M12.84%23.506.123.0071.3569.3273.4223.8159.14%82.47

Highest City Population in Africa (mid 2019)

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  • Top 5
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RankCityCountryPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1CairoEgypt20,504,2227,734,614
2LagosNigeria13,924,7269,000,000
3KinshasaDemocratic Republic of the Congo13,769,8827,785,965
4LuandaAngola8,057,7362,776,168
5Dar es SalaamTanzania6,383,0392,698,652
6KhartoumSudan5,684,7681,974,647
7JohannesburgSouth Africa5,642,0032,026,469
8AlexandriaEgypt5,186,5123,811,516
9AbidjanIvory Coast5,065,4863,677,115
10Addis AbabaEthiopia4,601,0232,757,729
11NairobiKenya4,563,9902,750,547
12Cape TownSouth Africa4,528,4183,433,441
13KanoNigeria3,910,0423,626,068
14YaoundeCameroon3,829,8021,299,369
15CasablancaMorocco3,717,5043,144,909
16DoualaCameroon3,541,8281,338,082
17IbadanNigeria3,467,8073,464,000
18AntananarivoMadagascar3,217,1441,391,433
19KumasiGhana3,212,6271,468,609
20EthekwiniSouth Africa3,145,5173,120,282
21KampalaUganda3,145,1441,353,189
22AbujaNigeria3,103,271590,400
23DakarSenegal3,060,7132,476,400
24Port HarcourtNigeria2,879,6741,148,665
25AlgiersAlgeria2,730,6451,977,663
26OuagadougouBurkina Faso2,658,7341,086,505
27LusakaZambia2,652,7811,267,440
28BamakoMali2,532,8541,297,281
29AccraGhana2,476,6921,963,264
30PretoriaSouth Africa2,477,4651,619,438
31Mbuji-MayiDemocratic Republic of the Congo2,418,076874,761
32LubumbashiDemocratic Republic of the Congo2,381,5121,373,770
33TunisTunisia2,329,739693,210
34BrazzavilleRepublic of the Congo2,311,6661,284,609
35MogadishuSomalia2,184,6062,180,000
36ConakryGuinea1,891,1621,767,200
37RabatMorocco1,865,8461,655,753
38LomeTogo1,786,833749,700
39Benin CityNigeria1,678,2561,125,058
40MatolaMozambique1,670,598675,422
41HarareZimbabwe1,521,2821,521,000
42MonroviaLiberia1,469,303939,524
43KanangaDemocratic Republic of the Congo1,397,820463,546
44N'DjamenaChad1,374,303721,081
45OnitshaNigeria1,352,008561,066
46NouakchottMauritania1,261,538661,400
47MombasaKenya1,255,880799,668
48NiameyNiger1,253,786774,235
49Port ElizabethSouth Africa1,242,517967,677
50KisanganiDemocratic Republic of the Congo1,215,162539,158

Map of Africa

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