Madagascar Population

Population now

27,250,120
Male:13,593,258(49.88 %)
Female:13,655,466(50.12 %)
Births in 2019:779,061
Deaths in 2019:143,157

Life expectancy & Rates (2019)

Male:65.40 years
Female:68.67 years
Total:67.02 years
Median Age:18.40 years
Birth Rate:32.38
Death Rate:5.95
Growth Rate:4.44 %
Fertility Rate:4.02

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2019)
  • Urbanization

Madagascar Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
19605M3M3M1.030.96%48.7024.857.3039.9639.0440.9518.2010.64%8.69
19615M3M3M1.030.99%48.5924.427.3040.4439.5341.4317.9410.97%8.90
19625M3M3M1.031.02%48.4923.997.3040.9240.0141.9117.6411.31%9.12
19635M3M3M1.031.05%48.3823.567.3141.4040.4942.3917.3511.66%9.35
19646M3M3M1.031.09%48.2923.137.3141.8840.9742.8617.1012.01%9.58
19656M3M3M1.031.12%48.2222.707.3142.3541.4543.3216.9212.38%9.83
19666M3M3M1.021.16%48.1622.297.3142.8341.9443.8016.6512.75%10.08
19676M3M3M1.021.20%48.1221.877.3043.3142.4244.2716.4713.07%10.35
19686M3M3M1.021.24%48.0921.467.3043.8042.9144.7616.3513.41%10.62
19696M3M3M1.021.28%48.0721.057.2944.2843.4045.2416.2813.75%10.91
19707M3M3M1.021.33%48.0520.657.2744.7743.8845.7316.2414.10%11.20
19717M3M3M1.021.37%48.0220.257.2545.2644.3646.2216.1314.53%11.51
19727M3M3M1.021.42%47.9919.877.2245.7444.8446.7016.0614.96%11.83
19737M4M4M1.011.46%47.9419.507.1946.2045.3047.1816.0215.41%12.17
19747M4M4M1.011.50%47.8619.157.1546.6645.7547.6416.0015.87%12.51
19758M4M4M1.011.54%47.7318.797.1047.0946.1948.0815.9916.33%12.87
19768M4M4M1.011.58%47.5418.447.0447.5246.6148.5115.9116.76%13.24
19778M4M4M1.011.62%47.2818.086.9847.9347.0148.9315.8617.18%13.62
19788M4M4M1.011.65%46.9717.726.9048.3247.4049.3315.8317.62%14.02
19798M4M4M1.011.68%46.6017.366.8148.6847.7549.7115.8218.07%14.43
19809M4M4M1.011.71%46.2117.036.7349.0148.0650.0515.8418.52%14.85
19819M4M4M11.74%45.8216.746.6449.2648.3050.3215.8018.99%15.28
19829M5M5M11.75%45.4516.516.5549.4448.4750.5115.7919.46%15.73
198310M5M5M11.76%45.1416.336.4849.5648.5850.6415.8119.94%16.19
198410M5M5M11.77%44.8816.216.4149.6348.6450.7215.8420.43%16.66
198510M5M5M11.77%44.6916.126.3549.6948.6850.7915.8920.93%17.14
198610M5M5M11.78%44.5616.026.3149.7848.7550.8915.9021.44%17.63
198711M5M5M11.80%44.4815.906.2749.9348.8751.0715.9221.96%18.14
198811M5M5M11.83%44.4315.726.2450.1849.0851.3415.9622.49%18.66
198911M6M6M11.87%44.3815.486.2150.5349.4051.7316.0123.02%19.20
199012M6M6M11.93%44.3415.156.1851.0049.8352.2416.0723.57%19.76
199112M6M6M12.00%44.2814.756.1551.6050.3952.8716.0824.12%20.34
199212M6M6M12.09%44.2114.306.1252.2851.0553.5816.1124.68%20.95
199313M6M6M0.992.20%44.1013.806.0853.0251.7854.3316.1525.25%21.59
199413M7M7M0.992.31%43.9513.286.0353.8152.5655.1216.2025.54%22.26
199513M7M7M0.992.43%43.7312.745.9854.6253.3855.9116.2525.80%22.95
199614M7M7M0.992.56%43.4112.205.9155.4354.2156.7116.2426.06%23.68
199714M7M7M0.992.68%43.0011.675.8456.2455.0357.4916.2426.32%24.44
199815M7M7M0.992.81%42.5011.155.7557.0355.8458.2616.2526.59%25.23
199915M8M8M0.992.93%41.9210.665.6557.7856.6059.0016.2826.85%26.03
200016M8M8M0.993.05%41.2810.205.5558.4957.3159.7016.3127.12%26.86
200116M8M8M0.993.15%40.599.795.4559.1357.9460.3516.3227.39%27.70
200217M8M8M0.993.24%39.899.415.3459.7258.5160.9516.3527.66%28.56
200317M9M9M0.993.32%39.219.075.2460.2659.0261.5216.4027.94%29.43
200418M9M9M0.993.40%38.558.775.1460.7559.4862.0416.4628.21%30.33
200518M9M9M0.993.46%37.928.505.0561.2159.9062.5416.5328.81%31.24
200619M9M9M0.993.52%37.338.254.9661.6560.3063.0216.6129.43%32.16
200719M10M10M0.993.58%36.778.024.8762.0860.6963.4816.6930.04%33.10
200820M10M10M0.993.64%36.227.804.7862.5161.0963.9416.7730.67%34.06
200921M10M10M0.993.71%35.707.584.6962.9461.5164.4016.8831.30%35.04
201021M11M11M0.993.78%35.207.374.6063.3961.9364.8617.0131.94%36.03
201122M11M11M0.993.85%34.757.174.5263.8462.3665.3217.1332.58%37.04
201222M11M11M0.993.92%34.356.984.4464.2862.7965.7817.2733.23%38.07
201323M11M12M0.994.00%33.996.804.3764.7163.2166.2317.4233.88%39.11
201424M12M12M0.994.08%33.686.634.3065.1363.6166.6617.5834.53%40.18
201524M12M12M0.994.15%33.406.484.2465.5464.0067.0917.7435.19%41.28
201625M12M12M0.994.24%33.156.334.1865.9364.3767.5117.9135.86%42.41
201726M13M13M0.994.29%32.896.224.1366.2864.7067.8818.0736.52%43.56
201826M13M13M14.37%32.636.084.0866.6565.0568.2718.2337.19%44.74
201927M13M14M14.44%32.385.954.0267.0265.4068.6718.4037.86%45.94

Madagascar Population Projections

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
202028M14M14M14.52%32.125.823.9767.3965.7569.0618.5738.53%47.17
202128M14M14M14.55%31.805.733.9267.7166.0469.4018.7239.21%48.42
202229M15M15M14.58%31.495.643.8768.0266.3369.7418.8839.88%49.70
202330M15M15M14.63%31.175.543.8368.3466.6270.0719.0440.56%51.00
202431M15M15M14.66%30.865.453.7868.6566.9170.4119.2241.23%52.32
202532M16M16M14.70%30.545.363.7368.9767.2070.7519.3941.90%53.66
202632M16M16M14.68%30.185.313.6969.2467.4471.0419.5542.58%55.02
202733M17M17M14.68%29.825.253.6469.5067.6871.3319.7243.25%56.40
202834M17M17M14.66%29.455.203.6069.7767.9371.6319.8843.92%57.79
202935M17M17M14.66%29.095.143.5570.0368.1771.9220.0544.58%59.20
203036M18M18M14.64%28.735.093.5170.3068.4172.2120.2245.24%60.63
203136M18M18M14.61%28.385.063.4770.5368.6272.4720.3845.90%62.07
203237M19M19M14.57%28.035.033.4370.7768.8372.7320.5446.54%63.52
203338M19M19M14.54%27.685.003.3971.0069.0472.9920.7147.19%64.99
203439M19M20M14.50%27.334.973.3571.2469.2573.2520.8847.82%66.46
203540M20M20M14.46%26.984.943.3171.4769.4673.5121.0648.45%67.95
203641M20M20M14.41%26.684.933.2871.6869.6473.7421.2349.09%69.46
203742M21M21M14.36%26.384.923.2571.8869.8373.9721.4049.72%70.97
203843M21M21M14.31%26.084.913.2172.0970.0174.2021.5850.36%72.49
203943M22M22M14.26%25.784.903.1872.2970.2074.4321.7650.99%74.03
204044M22M22M14.21%25.484.893.1572.5070.3874.6621.9651.63%75.58
204145M23M23M14.16%25.224.893.1272.6970.5574.8722.1452.26%77.14
204246M23M23M14.10%24.974.903.0972.8870.7275.0822.3252.89%78.71
204347M24M24M14.04%24.714.903.0673.0870.8975.3022.5253.53%80.29
204448M24M24M13.98%24.464.913.0373.2771.0675.5122.7254.16%81.89
204549M24M25M13.93%24.204.913.0073.4671.2375.7222.9254.79%83.49
204650M25M25M13.86%23.964.932.9773.6471.4075.9123.1155.42%85.11
204751M25M26M13.80%23.734.942.9573.8171.5676.0923.3156.04%86.73
204852M26M26M13.74%23.494.962.9273.9971.7376.2823.5156.67%88.36
204953M26M26M0.993.68%23.264.972.9074.1671.8976.4623.7257.29%90.00
205054M27M27M0.993.61%23.024.992.8774.3472.0676.6523.9357.91%91.65

Highest City Populations in Madagascar

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RankCityPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Antananarivo3,270,2241,391,433
2Toamasina420,717206,373
3Antsirabe345,339186,253

Map of Madagascar

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