Kano, Nigeria Population

Population in Urban Area, now

4,059,285
  • World: 111th
  • Africa: 14th
  • Nigeria: 2nd

Population in City Area, 2019-09-05

3,626,068
  • World: 57th
  • Africa: 6th
  • Nigeria: 2nd

Kano Urban Area Population Graph

Kano Population Review

Kano is the capital city of the Kano State of Nigeria. It has a population of just over 4 million people and is located on the Jakara River. Kano is the second-largest city in Nigeria and is considered the nerve center of Northern Nigeria. Kano is the economic center of the area and is the center location for the sale of groundnuts in the country. It is home to Bayero University, the first university in Kano State, and the Kano International Airport.

Initially, the city covered 137 square kilometers and was comprised of 44 local government areas (known as LGAs). The city now covers two additional LGAs and is now a total of 499 square kilometers with a population density of 550 people per square kilometer.

Poverty in Kano

Poverty is an endemic problem in the country of Nigeria, and the city of Kano is no different. The city is in a state that suggests urgent intervention would be required to remedy the situation. Currently, almost 90% of all of Kano’s residents fall below the poverty line, with the worst stricken in Kano North showing that 98% of the population is below the poverty line. In Kano South, 97% of households are below the poverty line, and in Kano Central there are 86% of the households below the poverty line.

As in many places struck by severe poverty, Kano also sees high rates of infant mortality and other avoidable causes of death. A lack of investment in healthcare infrastructure and education (especially for girls) continues to contribute to the city’s poverty rates.

The Hausa people in Kano

The Hausa people are the principal inhabitants of Kano. A diverse but culturally homogenous people, the Hausa people are the largest ethnic group in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Hausa language is also the most widely spoken language in Kano. Kano is part of an area known as Hausaland, a group of small, independent city-states in northern central Africa.

Religion in Kano

Kano is considered one of the ancient centers of Islamic learning. First introduced in the 1340s by Malinke scholars, Kano has since become a center of Nigeria’s Islamic culture. The city functions under Islamic law where blasphemy is punishable by death. These laws were adopted 20 years by the country’s northern states and they have seen several artists or critics of extremist Islam sentenced to death for sharing their views. While Sharia law is valid throughout the state, Christians are also able to practice freely in Kano and the Roman Catholic Dioceses of Kano has its seat in the state.

Most women in Kano wear the Hijab and it is relatively rare to see a woman with her hair uncovered. The city also has ‘Hisbah’ or sharia police who police acts considered immoral by Sharia law, including drinking alcohol, inappropriate contact between a male and female, blasphemy, and more. Citizens who are Christian are exempt from these laws.

An industrial centre

Kano’s economy is the second-largest industrial center after Lagos State and the largest in Northern Nigeria and its economy focuses on textiles, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, tanning, grains, and other industries.

Commercial and subsistence agriculture is practiced in the city’s outlying districts with some of the most commonly grown crops being millet, cowpeas, maize, sorghum and rice for local consumption. Groundnuts and cotton are also grown in the area in high quantities for export and industrial purposes.

A fast growing population

Like many locations in Sub-Saharan Africa, Kano is experiencing a population boom. It is predicted that by 2035, the population will have almost doubled to 6.5 million people living in the city. Unfortunately, with the country’s current situation with poverty, this could prove catastrophic for the people of Kano if more investment in a healthy, educated younger population isn’t put into place.

Review Updated: September 7, 2020

Kano Urban Area Population History

1950 123,000
1951 126,000
1952 129,000
1953 135,000
1954 145,000
1955 157,000
1956 169,000
1957 183,000
1958 197,000
1959 212,000
1960 229,000
1961 247,000
1962 267,000
1963 288,000
1964 314,000
1965 343,000
1966 376,000
1967 412,000
1968 452,000
1969 495,000
1970 542,000
1971 594,000
1972 651,000
1973 713,000
1974 781,000
1975 855,000
1976 937,000
1977 1,026,000
1978 1,124,000
1979 1,232,000
1980 1,350,000
1981 1,478,000
1982 1,620,000
1983 1,774,000
1984 1,817,000
1985 1,861,000
1986 1,905,000
1987 1,951,000
1988 1,998,000
1989 2,046,000
1990 2,095,000
1991 2,146,000
1992 2,194,000
1993 2,241,000
1994 2,290,000
1995 2,339,000
1996 2,390,000
1997 2,441,000
1998 2,494,000
1999 2,547,000
2000 2,602,000
2001 2,658,000
2002 2,716,000
2003 2,774,000
2004 2,834,000
2005 2,895,000
2006 2,958,000
2007 3,021,000
2008 3,087,000
2009 3,153,000
2010 3,221,000
2011 3,290,000
2012 3,361,000
2013 3,434,000
2014 3,508,000
2015 3,583,000
2016 3,661,000
2017 3,739,000
2018 3,820,000
2019 3,906,000
2020 3,999,000
2021 4,103,000

Kano Urban Area Population Projections

2022 4,219,000
2023 4,348,000
2024 4,491,000
2025 4,645,000
2026 4,811,000
2027 4,986,000
2028 5,168,000
2029 5,357,000
2030 5,551,000
2031 5,750,000
2032 5,952,000
2033 6,158,000
2034 6,367,000
2035 6,579,000

Map of Kano, Nigeria

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