France Population

Population now

67,424,180
Male:32,630,320(48.40 %)
Female:34,793,860(51.60 %)
Births in 2020:309,010
Deaths in 2020:264,385

Life expectancy & Rates (2020)

Male:79.89 years
Female:85.57 years
Total:82.78 years
Median Age:41.34 years
Birth Rate:11.01
Death Rate:9.42
Growth Rate:0.17 %
Fertility Rate:1.84

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2020)
  • Urbanization

France Population Review

The country of France sits on the western edge of Europe. Bordered by several countries with a long coast on the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel, France has long been a key player in major historical, political, and cultural events. Founded in 1792, the country’s history dates back to the Iron Ages. While it has been fought over and ruled by many different forms of government, France currently enjoys a unitary state with a semi-presidential system and is a constitutional republic.

Currently, there are just over 65 million people living in France. The country’s population growth is low, at just 0.17%, which means the country will continue to grow but at a slow pace. By 2050, it’s predicted that France will have just over 70 million people calling it home.

A mostly urban country

While the thought of the idyllic countryside of France may be appealing to many, the vast majority of France’s population live in urban areas, and population in rural areas continues to drop. In fact, it’s predicted that by 2021, only 12 million people will live in rural areas. This is partially due to the ever-expanding suburbs spreading out from France’s cities.

The French population increased by almost 40% between 1936 and 1999, with most of these people choosing to live in urban areas for lifestyle, better paying jobs, and better access to healthcare and childcare.

A high fertility rate

By European standards, France has a high fertility rate. Compared to places like Spain and Italy, France’s 1.84 fertility rate puts the country in a solid position to continue growing. This rate has increased after reaching a historic low in the 1990s. While immigration does play a role in the country’s high fertility rate, it doesn’t account for nearly as much as some people assume. Instead, immigration (while bolstering the country’s growth rate overall), only accounts for immigrant mothers adding around 0.1 children to the national rate.

A manageable population density overall, a high population density in Paris

Metropolitan France has a population density of 117 people per square kilometer. This ranks it at the 95th most densely populated country in the world. However, this changes once you reach Paris. The largest city and the capital of France, Paris is home to about 2.1 million people in the city and has a population density of 20,386 people per square kilometre—a difference of over 17,000%. While larger than many of its European counterparts, France is still a relatively small country with only 547,557 square kilometers.

Rising life expectancy

France’s has a generous life expectancy, and, on average, most people can expect to live to be around 83 years old. Women outlive men by about 6 years, with men dying on average around 79 years old. The life expectancy is France is predicted to continue to rise as medical achievements allow us to overcome more illnesses. By 2050, the average life expectancy is France is predicted to be around 89 years old—an increase of 6 years. France also has a low obesity level, low levels of binge drinking, and their rate road deaths continue to fall.

Overwhelmingly Roman Catholic

The history of the Catholic Church in France is a long and storied one. The first written records of Christians in France date back to the 2nd century, and Clovis I, who is considered the founder of France, was a stanch Catholic. Even though France maintains a tradition of secularism and has not officially collected data on people’s religious affiliations since 1872, it’s estimated that almost 70% of the population identify as Christian, with the vast majority of those identifying as Roman Catholic. The next largest religion in France is Muslim, with between 7-9% of the population.

Review Updated: April 29, 2020

France Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
196047M23M24M0.940.64%18.7011.402.8569.8766.6073.3031.9761.88%85.23
196147M23M24M0.940.65%18.7011.302.8770.1266.8073.6031.9062.61%86.36
196248M23M25M0.940.66%18.6011.202.8970.3166.9073.9031.8563.49%87.57
196349M24M25M0.950.67%18.5011.102.8970.5167.1074.1031.8164.70%88.81
196449M24M25M0.950.66%18.4011.102.8770.6667.2074.3031.7765.90%90.00
196550M24M26M0.950.64%18.2011.102.8470.8167.3074.5031.7467.07%91.07
196650M25M26M0.950.64%18.0011.002.8070.9667.4074.7031.6668.23%92.01
196751M25M26M0.950.61%17.7011.002.7571.1667.6074.9031.6169.36%92.82
196851M25M26M0.950.61%17.5010.902.6971.3167.7075.1031.5670.24%93.55
196952M25M26M0.950.59%17.3010.902.6271.4667.8075.3031.4870.65%94.26
197052M25M27M0.950.57%17.0010.802.5571.6668.0075.5031.3771.06%94.98
197152M26M27M0.960.55%16.7010.802.4771.9168.2075.8031.2271.46%95.74
197253M26M27M0.960.52%16.3010.702.3872.1168.4076.0031.0271.86%96.51
197353M26M27M0.960.50%15.9010.602.2872.3668.6076.3030.8072.26%97.27
197454M26M27M0.960.48%15.5010.502.1872.6068.8076.6030.6672.65%97.97
197554M26M28M0.960.44%15.0010.402.0972.8569.0076.9030.6372.93%98.59
197654M27M28M0.960.40%14.6010.402.0173.1069.2077.2030.6973.00%99.12
197754M27M28M0.960.39%14.3010.301.9473.3569.4077.5030.8573.07%99.57
197855M27M28M0.960.38%14.1010.201.8973.6069.7077.7031.0573.14%99.98
197955M27M28M0.960.37%14.0010.201.8773.8569.9078.0031.2573.21%100.39
198055M27M28M0.950.37%14.0010.201.8574.0570.1078.2031.4373.28%100.84
198155M27M28M0.950.40%14.1010.101.8574.3070.3078.5031.6673.35%101.33
198256M27M29M0.950.42%14.2010.001.8674.5070.5078.7031.8773.43%101.86
198356M27M29M0.950.42%14.2010.001.8674.8070.8079.0032.0973.50%102.41
198456M27M29M0.950.44%14.309.901.8675.0071.0079.2032.3273.58%102.99
198557M28M29M0.950.45%14.209.801.8675.3071.3079.5032.5773.65%103.57
198657M28M29M0.950.45%14.109.701.8575.6071.6079.8032.7873.73%104.16
198757M28M29M0.950.46%14.009.601.8375.8071.8080.0033.0373.80%104.75
198858M28M30M0.950.45%13.809.501.8176.1072.1080.3033.3073.88%105.35
198958M28M30M0.950.45%13.609.401.7976.3572.3080.6033.5673.95%105.92
199058M28M30M0.950.44%13.409.301.7776.6072.6080.8033.8274.06%106.46
199159M28M30M0.950.43%13.209.201.7576.8572.8081.1034.1174.23%107.05
199259M29M30M0.950.42%13.109.201.7477.1073.1081.3034.3974.40%107.58
199359M29M30M0.950.41%13.009.201.7377.3073.3081.5034.6774.57%108.05
199459M29M30M0.950.37%12.509.101.7377.6573.6081.9034.9574.74%108.45
199560M29M31M0.950.41%12.809.101.7477.7573.8081.9035.2574.91%108.85
199660M29M31M0.940.41%12.809.101.7577.9574.1082.0035.5475.08%109.23
199760M29M31M0.940.40%12.709.101.7778.3074.5082.3035.8275.25%109.62
199860M29M31M0.940.41%12.809.101.7878.6074.8082.6036.1075.42%110.02
199960M29M31M0.940.42%12.909.101.8178.7675.0082.7036.3875.61%110.59
200061M30M31M0.940.49%13.308.901.8979.0675.3083.0036.6675.87%111.35
200161M30M32M0.940.49%13.108.801.9079.1675.5083.0036.8976.13%112.16
200262M30M32M0.940.47%12.908.801.8879.2675.7083.0037.1376.38%112.98
200362M30M32M0.940.41%12.809.101.8979.1175.7082.7037.3876.63%113.79
200463M30M32M0.940.54%12.808.301.9280.1676.7083.8037.6476.88%114.63
200563M31M33M0.940.51%12.808.501.9480.1676.7083.8037.8977.13%115.50
200664M31M33M0.940.58%13.108.302.0080.8177.3084.5038.1277.38%116.30
200764M31M33M0.940.54%12.808.301.9881.1177.6084.8038.3677.62%117.03
200864M31M33M0.940.52%12.908.502.0181.2177.8084.8038.5977.87%117.68
200965M31M33M0.940.51%12.808.502.0081.4178.0085.0038.8278.12%118.29
201065M31M34M0.940.52%12.908.502.0381.6678.2085.3039.0778.37%118.87
201165M32M34M0.940.51%12.708.402.0182.1178.7085.7039.3078.62%119.45
201266M32M34M0.940.45%12.608.702.0181.9778.7085.4039.5478.88%120.03
201366M32M34M0.940.43%12.408.701.9982.2279.0085.6039.7879.14%120.65
201466M32M34M0.940.46%12.408.502.0182.6779.5086.0040.0279.39%121.23
201567M32M34M0.940.35%12.008.901.9682.3279.2085.6040.2579.66%121.74
201667M32M34M0.940.31%11.708.901.9282.5279.5085.7040.4579.92%122.22
201767M32M34M0.940.27%11.409.001.9282.5279.5085.7040.6680.18%122.23
201867M32M35M0.940.24%11.419.211.8982.6079.6185.5840.8880.44%122.46
201967M33M35M0.940.20%11.219.321.8682.6979.7585.5841.1080.71%122.87
202067M33M35M0.940.17%11.019.421.8482.7879.8985.5741.3480.98%123.29

France Population Projections

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  • 10 years
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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
202168M33M35M0.940.16%10.969.461.8482.9180.0585.6841.5281.24%123.71
202268M33M35M0.940.15%10.919.491.8483.0580.2185.7841.6881.51%124.13
202368M33M35M0.940.14%10.869.531.8583.1880.3785.8941.8481.78%124.54
202468M33M35M0.940.13%10.819.561.8583.3280.5385.9942.0082.04%124.94
202569M33M35M0.940.12%10.769.601.8583.4580.6986.1042.1982.31%125.33
202669M33M35M0.940.11%10.739.641.8583.5880.8286.2442.3382.58%125.71
202769M33M36M0.940.10%10.699.691.8583.7280.9586.3842.5182.85%126.08
202869M33M36M0.940.10%10.669.731.8483.8581.0986.5142.7083.11%126.42
202969M34M36M0.940.09%10.629.781.8483.9981.2286.6542.9083.38%126.75
203070M34M36M0.940.08%10.599.821.8484.1281.3586.7943.1083.64%127.07
203170M34M36M0.940.07%10.599.911.8484.2581.4886.9343.2583.91%127.37
203270M34M36M0.940.06%10.5910.001.8484.3881.6087.0643.4084.17%127.66
203370M34M36M0.940.05%10.5910.101.8484.5181.7387.2043.5584.43%127.93
203470M34M36M0.940.04%10.5910.191.8484.6481.8587.3343.7184.69%128.20
203570M34M36M0.940.03%10.5910.281.8484.7781.9887.4743.8784.94%128.46
203670M34M36M0.930.02%10.5910.411.8484.8982.1087.5843.9485.19%128.72
203771M34M36M0.930.00%10.5810.531.8485.0182.2287.7044.0185.43%128.97
203871M34M37M0.93-0.01%10.5810.661.8485.1282.3587.8144.0885.68%129.21
203971M34M37M0.93-0.02%10.5710.781.8485.2482.4787.9344.1685.92%129.45
204071M34M37M0.93-0.03%10.5710.911.8485.3682.5988.0444.2686.15%129.68
204171M34M37M0.93-0.04%10.5311.011.8485.4882.7188.1644.2986.39%129.89
204271M34M37M0.93-0.05%10.5011.111.8485.5982.8388.2744.3286.62%130.10
204371M34M37M0.93-0.07%10.4611.201.8385.7182.9588.3944.3786.84%130.30
204471M34M37M0.93-0.08%10.4311.301.8385.8283.0788.5044.4387.07%130.48
204571M34M37M0.93-0.09%10.3911.401.8385.9483.1988.6244.5187.29%130.66
204672M35M37M0.93-0.10%10.3411.451.8386.0683.3188.7344.5587.50%130.83
204772M35M37M0.93-0.10%10.2911.491.8386.1783.4288.8544.6087.72%130.99
204872M35M37M0.93-0.11%10.2311.541.8386.2983.5488.9644.6687.93%131.14
204972M35M37M0.93-0.12%10.1811.581.8386.4083.6589.0844.7588.13%131.28
205072M35M37M0.93-0.13%10.1311.631.8386.5283.7789.1944.8788.34%131.40

Highest City Populations in France

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RankCityPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Paris11,012,2142,138,551
2Lyon1,717,864472,317
3Marseille1,607,594794,811
4Lille1,062,594228,328
5Toulouse1,022,945433,055
6Bordeaux968,027231,844
7Nice942,000338,620
8Nantes677,351277,269
9Toulon578,838168,701
10Grenoble527,757158,552
11Douai501,00046,531
12Strasbourg474,838274,845
13Rouen469,919112,787
14Avignon469,75789,769
15Montpellier461,513248,252
16Saint-Etienne374,919176,280
17Tours359,919141,621
18Bethune357,91931,568
19Rennes353,676209,375
20Valenciennes338,00044,821

Map of France

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