Afghanistan Population

Population now

39,125,164
  • World: 37th
  • Asia: 15th
Male:20,075,283(51.32 %)
Female:19,049,881(48.68 %)
Births in 2020:1,482,377
Deaths in 2020:293,144

Life expectancy & Rates (2020)

Male:63.71 years
Female:66.74 years
Total:65.17 years
Median Age:17.44 years
Birth Rate:31.15
Death Rate:6.16
Growth Rate:4.06 %
Fertility Rate:4.18

Population Data Graphs

  • Total population
  • Birth & Death rate
  • Life expectancy
  • Median Age
  • Population structure (mid 2020)
  • Urbanization

Afghanistan Population History

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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
19609M5M4M1.070.59%51.2832.227.4532.4531.7233.3117.828.40%13.89
19619M5M4M1.070.62%51.3731.657.4532.9632.2233.8417.678.68%14.16
19629M5M5M1.060.66%51.4631.097.4533.4732.7234.3617.588.98%14.44
196310M5M5M1.060.69%51.5330.557.4533.9733.2234.8717.519.28%14.74
196410M5M5M1.060.72%51.5930.027.4534.4633.7035.3617.459.59%15.05
196510M5M5M1.050.75%51.6329.507.4534.9534.1835.8517.409.90%15.38
196610M5M5M1.050.78%51.6528.997.4535.4334.6636.3417.2610.23%15.71
196710M5M5M1.050.81%51.6528.477.4535.9135.1336.8217.1510.57%16.06
196811M5M5M1.040.85%51.6227.957.4536.4035.6237.3117.0510.92%16.43
196911M6M5M1.040.88%51.5727.427.4536.9036.1137.8216.9511.28%16.82
197011M6M5M1.040.92%51.5026.887.4537.4136.6138.3316.8611.64%17.26
197111M6M6M1.040.95%51.4126.337.4537.9337.1238.8516.7012.02%17.72
197212M6M6M1.040.99%51.3025.787.4538.4637.6439.3916.5612.41%18.21
197312M6M6M1.031.03%51.1825.227.4539.0038.1839.9316.4412.81%18.70
197412M6M6M1.031.07%51.0624.667.4539.5638.7340.4916.3513.22%19.17
197513M6M6M1.031.11%50.9324.097.4540.1339.2941.0616.3013.64%19.60
197613M7M6M1.031.16%50.8023.517.4540.7239.8741.6616.1614.07%19.99
197713M7M6M1.031.21%50.6822.927.4541.3240.4742.2716.0314.52%20.34
197813M7M7M1.031.27%50.5622.327.4541.9441.0942.8915.9314.97%20.60
197913M7M7M1.031.32%50.4421.727.4542.5941.7243.5415.8615.44%20.71
198013M7M7M1.031.38%50.3221.117.4543.2442.3744.2115.8516.00%20.63
198113M7M6M1.031.45%50.2120.497.4543.9243.0444.9015.7216.56%20.34
198213M7M6M1.041.52%50.1019.877.4544.6243.7245.6115.5917.15%19.90
198313M6M6M1.041.60%49.9819.247.4545.3244.4046.3315.4817.75%19.36
198412M6M6M1.041.68%49.8718.627.4646.0445.1047.0715.3518.37%18.85
198512M6M6M1.041.76%49.7418.017.4646.7645.8047.8115.1719.00%18.44
198612M6M6M1.041.85%49.5917.417.4647.4946.5048.5515.0919.65%18.13
198712M6M6M1.041.94%49.4216.837.4648.2147.2049.2915.0620.31%17.92
198812M6M6M1.042.03%49.2416.277.4648.9347.9150.0215.0521.00%17.94
198912M6M6M1.042.12%49.0515.747.4649.6448.6050.7414.9921.09%18.33
199012M6M6M1.052.21%48.8815.247.4750.3349.2851.4414.8021.18%19.17
199113M7M6M1.052.30%48.7614.787.4851.0049.9452.1214.8421.27%20.54
199214M7M7M1.062.39%48.7114.367.5051.6450.5752.7714.8821.36%22.37
199316M8M8M1.072.49%48.7213.977.5452.2651.1753.4114.9021.44%24.43
199417M9M8M1.082.58%48.7713.627.5752.8451.7554.0114.9321.53%26.37
199518M9M9M1.082.68%48.8413.287.6153.4052.2954.5915.0221.62%27.97
199619M10M9M1.082.77%48.8712.967.6353.9252.8055.1414.9121.71%29.12
199719M10M9M1.072.86%48.8312.667.6354.4253.2955.6614.7921.81%29.90
199820M10M10M1.072.94%48.6912.357.6154.9153.7556.1614.6921.90%30.48
199920M10M10M1.063.02%48.4212.047.5655.3854.2156.6514.6021.99%31.15
200021M11M10M1.063.10%48.0211.727.4955.8454.6657.1214.5222.08%32.09
200122M11M10M1.063.17%47.5111.397.3956.3155.1257.6014.5522.17%33.37
200223M12M11M1.063.24%46.9011.057.2756.7855.5858.0814.6322.26%34.90
200324M12M11M1.073.32%46.2310.707.1557.2756.0658.5814.7322.35%36.57
200425M13M12M1.073.39%45.5110.367.0257.7756.5459.0914.8522.50%38.19
200526M13M12M1.073.47%44.7210.006.8858.2957.0459.6314.9922.70%39.62
200626M14M13M1.063.55%43.879.656.7258.8357.5660.1814.9422.91%40.82
200727M14M13M1.063.62%42.949.296.5659.3858.0960.7514.8923.11%41.85
200828M14M13M1.053.70%41.958.936.3759.9358.6361.3314.8523.32%42.81
200928M15M14M1.053.77%40.908.586.1860.4859.1661.9014.8323.53%43.85
201029M15M14M1.053.83%39.838.255.9861.0359.6862.4614.8623.74%45.07
201130M15M15M1.053.88%38.757.945.7761.5560.1963.0015.0623.95%46.51
201231M16M15M1.053.93%37.697.655.5662.0560.6863.5115.3024.16%48.13
201332M17M16M1.053.97%36.677.385.3662.5361.1364.0015.5824.37%49.84
201433M17M16M1.064.00%35.717.145.1662.9761.5664.4515.8724.59%51.54
201534M18M17M1.064.02%34.816.934.9863.3861.9764.8816.1724.80%53.15
201635M18M17M1.064.04%33.986.744.8063.7662.3465.2816.4225.02%54.65
201736M19M18M1.064.05%33.216.584.6364.1362.7065.6616.6625.25%56.06
201837M19M18M1.064.06%32.496.424.4764.4963.0566.0316.9125.50%57.41
201938M20M19M1.054.06%32.496.424.4764.4963.0566.0317.1725.75%58.75
202039M20M19M1.054.06%31.156.164.1865.1763.7166.7417.4426.03%60.12

Afghanistan Population Projections

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  • 10 years
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YearTotalMaleFemaleSex RatioGrowth rateBirth rateDeath rateFerti­lity rate
Life exp., total
Life expectancy
Life exp., maleLife exp., femaleMedian AgeUrbani­zation
Density, people / km2
Density, people/km2
202140M20M19M1.054.04%30.566.064.0565.4864.0067.0717.7126.31%61.52
202241M21M20M1.054.03%29.985.963.9365.7964.3067.4017.9826.62%62.94
202342M21M20M1.054.01%29.395.873.8066.1064.5967.7218.2726.93%64.37
202443M22M21M1.053.99%28.815.773.6866.4164.8968.0518.5627.27%65.81
202544M22M21M1.053.98%28.225.673.5566.7265.1868.3818.8527.61%67.23
202644M23M22M1.053.93%27.705.623.4666.9865.4268.6519.1827.98%68.65
202745M23M22M1.053.89%27.185.563.3667.2365.6668.9319.5228.36%70.06
202846M24M23M1.053.84%26.655.513.2767.4965.9069.2019.8628.75%71.47
202947M24M23M1.053.79%26.135.453.1767.7466.1469.4820.2029.16%72.87
203048M25M23M1.053.74%25.615.403.0868.0066.3869.7520.5329.59%74.28
203149M25M24M1.053.67%25.155.383.0268.2266.5869.9920.8630.03%75.68
203250M26M24M1.053.61%24.695.362.9568.4366.7870.2221.1930.49%77.07
203351M26M25M1.053.54%24.225.332.8968.6566.9970.4621.5230.97%78.46
203452M26M25M1.053.47%23.765.312.8268.8667.1970.6921.8631.47%79.84
203553M27M26M1.053.40%23.305.292.7669.0867.3970.9322.1931.98%81.22
203653M27M26M1.043.32%22.885.302.7169.2767.5671.1422.5232.51%82.58
203754M28M27M1.043.23%22.465.312.6669.4667.7471.3522.8633.05%83.93
203855M28M27M1.043.15%22.055.312.6269.6667.9171.5523.1933.62%85.26
203956M29M27M1.043.07%21.635.322.5769.8568.0971.7623.5234.19%86.59
204057M29M28M1.042.98%21.215.332.5270.0468.2671.9723.8634.79%87.89
204158M29M28M1.042.89%20.835.362.4870.2168.4172.1624.2035.40%89.19
204259M30M29M1.042.79%20.455.402.4570.3868.5772.3424.5536.02%90.46
204359M30M29M1.042.69%20.065.432.4170.5568.7272.5324.9136.65%91.72
204460M31M30M1.042.60%19.685.472.3870.7268.8872.7125.2737.28%92.95
204561M31M30M1.042.51%19.305.502.3470.8969.0372.9025.6237.92%94.17
204662M31M30M1.042.41%18.975.562.3171.0569.1773.0725.9838.57%95.36
204763M32M31M1.042.32%18.645.622.2871.2069.3173.2426.3339.21%96.53
204863M32M31M1.042.22%18.305.692.2571.3669.4573.4226.6939.86%97.68
204964M33M31M1.042.13%17.975.752.2271.5169.5973.5927.0540.52%98.80
205065M33M32M1.032.04%17.645.812.1971.6769.7373.7627.4141.17%99.90

Highest City Populations in Afghanistan

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  • Top 20
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RankCityPopulation, Urban AreaPopulation, City
1Kabul4,246,0273,043,532
2Herat612,674272,806
3Mazar-e Sharif539,897303,282
4Kandahar500,892391,190

Map of Afghanistan

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