Halifax, Canada Population

Population in Urban Area, now

414,136
  • World: 1425th
  • North America: 164th
  • Canada: 13th

Population in City Area, 2019-09-23

359,111
  • World: 842nd
  • North America: 37th
  • Canada: 10th

Halifax Urban Area Population Graph

Halifax Population Review

Halifax, also known as the Halifax Regional Municipality or HRM, is the capital of the province of Nova Scotia in Canada. Located on the eastern coast of Canada, the municipality has a total of 413,500 residents spread across 5,490 square kilometers, with the vast majority of the population centered in the small city area. The municipality is made up of four municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996: Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford and Halifax County.

The city is a major economic center for Atlantic Canada and has a large concentration of post-secondary universities, government services, and private sector companies that employ hundreds of people. Some of the city’s largest employers include the Department of National Defence, Dalhousie University and Saint Mary’s University, the Halifax Shipyard, the Port of Halifax, and multiple levels of government.

A top tourist destination on the rise

In 2018, Halifax was listed by TripAdvisor as one of the top ten tourist destinations “on the rise” in the world. Halifax placed fourth on the list, after Ishigaki in Japan, Kapaa in Hawaii, and Kenya’s capital of Nairobi.

There are over 5.3 million tourists who come for overnight stays to Halifax each year. They spend over $1 billion in the city and represents 54% of all visitations to the province of Nova Scotia. The city is also the location where cruise ships frequently dock. In 2015, the Port of Halifax welcomed 141 cruise ships and over 222,000 passengers.

A fast growing city

Halifax is the fastest growing city in the province. The city grew 2.26% in 2019, which was the fourth fastest growing among all of Canada's other Census Metropolitan Areas. More than half of this influx is due to immigration. Since 1950, the city has tripled in population size, growing from 130,000 residents to its current population of over 400,000.

The city is also getting younger and wealthier, as its economy strengthens and grows. The overall unemployment rate and the unemployment rate for young people have fallen from 6.8 per cent to 5.9 per cent, and from 16.1 per cent to 13.7 per cent, respectively. The province of Nova Scotia has welcomed a record number of new immigrants in recent years, with most of them settling in and around the Halifax region.

A diverse religious community

The city has many landmark religious institutions, including the New Horizons Baptist Church, the Ummah Mosque and Community Centre, the Centre for Islamic Development, the Beth Israel Synagogue, and others.

The majority of the population (71%) identifies as Christian. However, the second largest population is actually those who identify as having no religion, with almost 25%. Following this, Muslims are the next largest religious group.

A major cultural center

The city has a rich nautical and military history, which it has maintained while opening itself up to other multicultural influences. It hosts several festivals and many musical events that attract tens of thousands of visitors a year. Events such as the Halifax Pop Explosion, the Atlantic Film Festival, and the Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo are all large events hosted in the city. Halifax also has the largest LGBT event in Atlantic Canada.

The Halifax Explosion

The Halifax Explosion was a major disaster that occurred in the city on December 6, 1917. The SS Mont Blanc was a French cargo ship filled with explosives, which collided with the Norwegian SS Imo in the Narrows, a strait that connected upper Halifax Harbour with the Bedford Basin. The ensuing fire ignited the explosives, which caused an explosion so sever that it destroyed all buildings within an 800-metre radius. It snapped trees, bent rails, created a tsunami, and killed 1,782 people and injured over 9,000. It was the largest man-made explosion to ever occur, prior to the Atomic Bomb.

Review Updated: November 2, 2020

Halifax Urban Area Population History

1950 130,000
1951 134,000
1952 139,000
1953 143,000
1954 148,000
1955 152,000
1956 157,000
1957 162,000
1958 168,000
1959 173,000
1960 179,000
1961 184,000
1962 187,000
1963 190,000
1964 193,000
1965 195,000
1966 199,000
1967 203,000
1968 208,000
1969 213,000
1970 218,000
1971 223,000
1972 232,000
1973 241,000
1974 250,000
1975 259,000
1976 268,000
1977 271,000
1978 273,000
1979 276,000
1980 278,000
1981 281,000
1982 284,000
1983 287,000
1984 290,000
1985 293,000
1986 296,000
1987 301,000
1988 306,000
1989 311,000
1990 316,000
1991 321,000
1992 325,000
1993 330,000
1994 334,000
1995 339,000
1996 343,000
1997 347,000
1998 350,000
1999 353,000
2000 356,000
2001 360,000
2002 362,000
2003 365,000
2004 368,000
2005 370,000
2006 373,000
2007 377,000
2008 380,000
2009 384,000
2010 387,000
2011 391,000
2012 393,000
2013 396,000
2014 398,000
2015 401,000
2016 404,000
2017 406,000
2018 409,000
2019 411,000
2020 413,000
2021 415,000

Halifax Urban Area Population Projections

2022 417,000
2023 420,000
2024 423,000
2025 426,000
2026 430,000
2027 433,000
2028 437,000
2029 441,000
2030 445,000
2031 449,000
2032 453,000
2033 456,000
2034 460,000
2035 464,000

Map of Halifax, Canada

All Biggest Cities in Canada