Hamilton, Canada Population

Population in Urban Area, now

771,949
  • World: 759th
  • North America: 99th
  • Canada: 9th

Population in City Area, 2019-09-05

519,949
  • World: 588th
  • North America: 30th
  • Canada: 9th

Hamilton Urban Area Population Graph

Hamilton Population Review

Hamilton is a city of just over 500,000 people located in the province of Ontario in Canada. It’s metropolitan area, which includes the towns of Burlington and Grimsby, has a total population of just over 760,000 people. The metropolitan area is listed as one of the ten largest in Canada. Located in southern Ontario, Hamilton was incorporated in 1846 and is the third largest metropolitan area in Ontario.

It is home to McMaster University, Mohawk College, the Royal Botanical Gardens, and the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum. The city was named after George Hamilton and is considered the waterfall capital of the world, with over 130 waterfalls.

A steadily growing population

Since 2019, Hamilton’s population has increased by 0.52%. This is a similar increase to what the city has seen for the past three years. Hamilton’s steady population growth is reflective of the growth of many Canadian cities. Since 1950, Hamilton has grown from a population of 263,000 people, to its current population of 767,000. If the city’s growth rate continues, it’s estimated that the population will reach 864,000 people by 2035.

A highly industrialized area

The Toronto-Hamilton region is Ontario’s most industrialized area. The area from Oshawa, around the west end of Lake Ontario to Niagara Falls—with Hamilton at its center—is referred to as the Golden Horseshoe. Named this way for how the area encompasses a ‘golden horseshoe’ or curved center of industrialized power for the Ontario region, Hamilton’s economy still relies heavily on manufacturing.

Sixty percent of the Canada’s steel is produced in Hamilton and the city is known as the Steel Capital of Canada. The changing face of manufacturing has meant that Hamilton position has sometimes become precarious. One of the major producers—Stelco—has both flirted with bankruptcy, gone back to profitability, and finally declared bankruptcy again after being acquired by the United States Steel Corporation.

A sanctuary city

In 2014, Hamilton’s city council voted for the city to become a sanctuary city—offering municipal services to undocumented immigrants at risk of deportation. As of 2016, almost 25% of the city’s population was foreign-born and the population of people not born in Canada and living in Hamilton grew by 7.7%, while the city’s overall population grew by 4.3%. Between 2001 and 2016, almost 40,000 immigrants moved to the city.

A strong French community

Hamilton has a notable French community, with two school boards that operate five schools, as well as French cultural center, three daycares, a Franco-Ontarian health center, and a provincially funded employment center. Provincial services are offered in French and in English in Hamilton, to accommodate the 6,700 Francophone Canadians living in the city, and the 30,530 residents that speak both of the country’s official languages.

Demographics of Hamilton

The city is gradually growing older, with Hamiltonians aged 65 and older making up 17.3% of the population—an increase of 2.4% since 2011. In turn, the number of Hamiltonians less than 14 years of age has decreased by 1.57%. The city’s current average age is about 41 years old. More than half the city’s residents are married, with 0.08% of married partners identifying as being in a same-sex marriage. 6.4% of the city’s residents are divorced.

Christianity is the largest religion in the area, with just over 67% of the population identifying as being Christian. However, the number of other religions brought by immigrants is also on the rise. Other religions with significant populations include Islam—with 3.7% of the population—Buddhism, Sikhism, Hinduism, and Judaism. The number of people with no religious affiliation has continued to increase (like it has in many parts of Canada). Currently, 24% of the Hamilton’s residents identify as having no religious beliefs or connections.

Review Updated: November 30, 2020

Hamilton Urban Area Population History

1950 263,000
1951 273,000
1952 284,000
1953 294,000
1954 305,000
1955 317,000
1956 329,000
1957 342,000
1958 355,000
1959 368,000
1960 382,000
1961 396,000
1962 406,000
1963 417,000
1964 428,000
1965 439,000
1966 450,000
1967 459,000
1968 469,000
1969 479,000
1970 489,000
1971 499,000
1972 505,000
1973 511,000
1974 517,000
1975 524,000
1976 530,000
1977 533,000
1978 537,000
1979 540,000
1980 544,000
1981 547,000
1982 549,000
1983 551,000
1984 553,000
1985 555,000
1986 558,000
1987 566,000
1988 574,000
1989 583,000
1990 592,000
1991 600,000
1992 605,000
1993 610,000
1994 615,000
1995 620,000
1996 625,000
1997 633,000
1998 640,000
1999 648,000
2000 656,000
2001 663,000
2002 669,000
2003 675,000
2004 681,000
2005 687,000
2006 694,000
2007 699,000
2008 705,000
2009 710,000
2010 716,000
2011 722,000
2012 727,000
2013 732,000
2014 738,000
2015 743,000
2016 748,000
2017 754,000
2018 759,000
2019 763,000
2020 767,000
2021 771,000

Hamilton Urban Area Population Projections

2022 776,000
2023 781,000
2024 787,000
2025 793,000
2026 800,000
2027 807,000
2028 814,000
2029 821,000
2030 828,000
2031 835,000
2032 843,000
2033 850,000
2034 857,000
2035 864,000

Map of Hamilton, Canada

All Biggest Cities in Canada