Kiev, Ukraine Population

Population in Urban Area, now

2,998,371
  • World: 164th
  • Europe: 11th
  • Ukraine: 1st

Population in City Area, 2021-04-15

2,797,553
  • World: 87th
  • Europe: 6th
  • Ukraine: 1st

Kiev Urban Area Population Graph

Kiev Population Review

Kiev (or Kyiv) is the capital of and the most populous city in the country of Ukraine. It is home to 2.7 million people in the city and 2.9 million in the Kiev Metropolitan Area. Kiev is the seventh most populous city in Europe and is an important cultural, industrial, and scientific center of Eastern Europe.

The city’s name derives from the name of one of its legendary founders, Kyi. It is one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe and has passed through many stages of prominence and obscurity and has most likely existed as a commercial center since the fifth century. The city was prospered during the Russian Empire’s Industrial Revolution that took place during the late 19th century. The Ukrainian War of Independence—which lasted from 1917 to 1921—resulted in the establishment of a Ukrainian republic. However, most of this republic was later absorbed by the Soviet Union as a result of the civil war. Called the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Soviet Union retained control of the area from 1922 until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

A growing population since the collapse of the Soviet Union

When the Soviet Union collapsed, Kiev experienced an influx of migrants from the other regions of the country, resulting in a population growth from 2.5 million to its current population of 2.9 million. Kiev has continued to be Ukraine’s largest and wealthiest city and is predicted to continue growing until 2024. However, the city’s population will start to gradually drop after that. While the city is experiencing an influx of working age migrants, the aging population will decrease the city’s population as elderly citizens begin to pass away.

Ethnic composition of Kiev

In 2001, census data recorded over 130 different nationalities and ethic groups residing within Kiev. Ukrainians constitute the largest ethnic group, with 82% of the population, followed by Russians wit 12% and Jews with 0.7%. From there, the city also has Belarusians, Poles, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Tatars, and Georgians. A study in 2015 found that 94% of Kiev’s population was ethnic Ukrainian and 5% ethnic Russian.

Both Ukrainian and Russian are languages commonly in the city, with 75% of the city’s population choosing “Ukrainian” as their main language, and 25% choosing “Russian”. Almost 23% of Kyivans speak only Ukrainian at home, 52% use only Russian, and 24% go back and forth between both languages. There is also 13% of the population that chose Yiddish and 7% that chose Polish.

A high population density due to close quarter living

Because Kiev is only 839 square kilometers but accommodates 2.9 million people, its population density is quite high, with 3,526 people per square kilometer. Compare this to the rest of the Ukraine, where population density hovers somewhere around 75 people per square kilometer. The grouping of apartment buildings—as well as the fact that most apartments in the capital city only have two or three rooms—also increases the city’s population density.

A trying history for the city’s Jewish population

Like many large cities in Europe, the historic Jewish population of Kiev has experienced their fair share of trauma. Pogroms carried out in 1882 and 1905 drove away much of the city’s Jewish population. The population of Jews had once again grown to 224,000 people by 1939. However, some fled the city ahead of the German invasion of the Soviet Union of June 1941. Shortly after the German invasion, the Wehrmacht, the SS, and Ukrainian Auxiliary Police, and local collaborators massacred almost 35,000 Kyvian Jews at Babi Yar. While Jews did begin to return to the city near the end of the war, they suffered yet another pogrom in September of 1945.

The city’s current population of Jews is much lower than it once was, with about 21,000 people identifying as Jews living in the city. There are two major synagogues in the city: the Great Choral Synagogue and the Brodsky Choral Synagogue.

Review Updated: November 30, 2020

Kiev Urban Area Population History

1950 815,000
1951 845,000
1952 875,000
1953 907,000
1954 940,000
1955 974,000
1956 1,009,000
1957 1,045,000
1958 1,083,000
1959 1,122,000
1960 1,163,000
1961 1,205,000
1962 1,249,000
1963 1,294,000
1964 1,341,000
1965 1,389,000
1966 1,439,000
1967 1,491,000
1968 1,545,000
1969 1,601,000
1970 1,655,000
1971 1,706,000
1972 1,758,000
1973 1,812,000
1974 1,868,000
1975 1,926,000
1976 1,985,000
1977 2,046,000
1978 2,109,000
1979 2,162,000
1980 2,201,000
1981 2,242,000
1982 2,282,000
1983 2,324,000
1984 2,367,000
1985 2,410,000
1986 2,454,000
1987 2,499,000
1988 2,544,000
1989 2,571,000
1990 2,574,000
1991 2,577,000
1992 2,580,000
1993 2,584,000
1994 2,587,000
1995 2,590,000
1996 2,593,000
1997 2,597,000
1998 2,600,000
1999 2,603,000
2000 2,606,000
2001 2,610,000
2002 2,620,000
2003 2,636,000
2004 2,652,000
2005 2,673,000
2006 2,699,000
2007 2,726,000
2008 2,752,000
2009 2,775,000
2010 2,795,000
2011 2,815,000
2012 2,834,000
2013 2,854,000
2014 2,875,000
2015 2,895,000
2016 2,915,000
2017 2,936,000
2018 2,957,000
2019 2,973,000
2020 2,988,000
2021 3,001,000

Kiev Urban Area Population Projections

2022 3,010,000
2023 3,017,000
2024 3,020,000
2025 3,018,000
2026 3,016,000
2027 3,012,000
2028 3,010,000
2029 3,006,000
2030 3,004,000
2031 3,001,000
2032 2,998,000
2033 2,995,000
2034 2,993,000
2035 2,991,000

Map of Kiev, Ukraine

All Biggest Cities in Ukraine