Rome, Italy Population

Population in Urban Area, now

4,264,053
  • World: 101st
  • Europe: 7th
  • Italy: 1st

Population in City Area, 2020-05-28

2,318,895
  • World: 114th
  • Europe: 7th
  • Italy: 1st

Rome Urban Area Population Graph

Rome Population Review

The powerful and ancient city of Rome has a rich, globally influenced past and is full of historically significant monuments. Founded sometime around 700 BC, this Italian city was once the heart of the powerful Roman Empire. Over the years, Rome has evolved into a cosmopolitan city known for its architecture, gourmet food, and stunning landscapes, which is probably why 4.2 million people choose to live in the city’s entire urban area.

One of the most famous cities in the world, Rome’s past continues to influence our present. The Roman Empire gave us such things as modern-day plumbing, newspapers, subsidized programs, and even roads! This 2500-year-old city is located 4,336 m above sea level and sprawls over 1200 square kilometers of land.

A tourist hotspot

The capital of Italy is one of the most visited tourist destinations in the world. Each year, Rome opens its doors to 9.6 million international tourists, with most of these tourists looking to visit the Vatican Museums and the ancient Colosseum. Each location receives between 4 and 4.2 million visitors per year, making them the 37th and 39th most visited tourist destination (respectively). Other popular spots in Rome include the Pantheon, St Peter’s Basilica, and the Trevi Fountain (and many, many more). This influx of tourists and their money means that tourism is one of Rome’s many economies.

Once the largest city in the world

As the center of the Roman Empire, Rome once held the title of the largest city in the entire world. During the reign of Emperor Augustus, Rome had about a million residents. This may not seem like much by today’s standards, but consider that Emperor Augustus started his reign in 31 BC when most of the world as we know it didn’t even exist, and that number seems a lot more impressive.

The historical center of Rome is quite small

Don’t be misled into thinking that most of Rome’s 2.3 million residents open their curtains each morning to views of ancient architecture. In fact, the historical district of the city only takes up 4% of the city’s area. Rome is divided into several districts, including the Modern Center where most of the hotels, shopping, and dining are located, the Historic Quarter, The Vatican, The Colosseum, the North Center, and more. Most of Rome’s population lives in the more affordable South, North, and Ostia outskirts—the suburbs.

Rome’s oldest university

Originally name Studium Urbis, the Sapienza University of Rome was originally founded in 1303 by Pop Boniface VIII, which makes it Rome’s oldest university. The Sapienza is the largest university in all of Europe and supports over 115,000 students. This includes 5,500 international students and around 4,000 academic staff. It is a popular university for international students to do foreign exchange terms at and it offers 250 degree programmes, 200 specialist courses, overseen by 63 departments. The university also has 59 libraries available to its students, which is the largest number of any at any Italian university.

Demographic breakdown

The majority of Rome’s population is Italian, however, there are about 9.5% living in Rome who are non-Italian. The largest portion of Rome’s immigrant population is from European origins, including Romanian, Ukrainian and Polish. This makes up 4.8% of the city’s population. The other 4.8% are of non-Europeans origins, with Chinese, Filipinos, Peruvians, and Bangladeshis making up the largest majority. The city’s largest concentration of immigrants live in Esquilino, which lies south of the Termini station and centers more or less on the Piazza Vittorio Emmanuele II. While it does have a large concentration of Chinese immigrants and is referred to as the city’s Chinatown, Esquilino has residents from over 100 different countries living there.

Review Updated: July 8, 2020
Panoramic view of Imperial Forums in RomePanoramic view of Imperial Forums in Rome

Rome Urban Area Population History

1950 1,884,000
1951 1,925,000
1952 1,975,000
1953 2,029,000
1954 2,085,000
1955 2,143,000
1956 2,202,000
1957 2,263,000
1958 2,325,000
1959 2,390,000
1960 2,456,000
1961 2,523,000
1962 2,587,000
1963 2,650,000
1964 2,714,000
1965 2,780,000
1966 2,848,000
1967 2,917,000
1968 2,988,000
1969 3,060,000
1970 3,135,000
1971 3,211,000
1972 3,247,000
1973 3,265,000
1974 3,283,000
1975 3,300,000
1976 3,318,000
1977 3,336,000
1978 3,354,000
1979 3,372,000
1980 3,390,000
1981 3,409,000
1982 3,437,000
1983 3,471,000
1984 3,504,000
1985 3,538,000
1986 3,573,000
1987 3,608,000
1988 3,643,000
1989 3,678,000
1990 3,714,000
1991 3,750,000
1992 3,757,000
1993 3,751,000
1994 3,745,000
1995 3,739,000
1996 3,732,000
1997 3,726,000
1998 3,720,000
1999 3,714,000
2000 3,708,000
2001 3,702,000
2002 3,720,000
2003 3,749,000
2004 3,778,000
2005 3,807,000
2006 3,837,000
2007 3,867,000
2008 3,897,000
2009 3,927,000
2010 3,957,000
2011 3,988,000
2012 4,019,000
2013 4,050,000
2014 4,082,000
2015 4,113,000
2016 4,145,000
2017 4,177,000
2018 4,210,000
2019 4,234,000
2020 4,257,000

Rome Urban Area Population Projections

2021 4,278,000
2022 4,298,000
2023 4,316,000
2024 4,332,000
2025 4,347,000
2026 4,361,000
2027 4,375,000
2028 4,388,000
2029 4,401,000
2030 4,413,000
2031 4,425,000
2032 4,437,000
2033 4,449,000
2034 4,460,000
2035 4,471,000

Map of Rome, Italy

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