Manila, Philippines Population

Population in Urban Area, now

13,949,514
  • World: 19th
  • Asia: 12th
  • Philippines: 1st

Population in City Area, 2019-09-05

1,600,000
  • World: 158th
  • Asia: 89th
  • Philippines: 1st

Manila Urban Area Population Graph

Manila Population Review

The city of Manila serves as the capital of the Philippines and is located on the northwestern coast of the country. It is one of the most densely populated cities in the world and is home to 13 million people in the urban area and 1.6 million people in the city area. Manila’s population continues to grow, with predictions putting the population at over 18 million by 2035.

Founded in 1571 by Spanish conquistadors, the name “Manila” is often used interchangeably to refer to the entire metropolitan area, the greater metropolitan area, or the city proper. Officially, the metropolitan area is called Metro Manila and the capital region of the country includes the larger Quezon City and Makati Central Business District.

One of the most crowded cities in the world

Manila has grown to become the most densely populated cities in the world, with over 42,000 people living in every square kilometer. While the population of the urban area is estimated to be over 13 million people, during the day this swells even further to 15 million to accommodate for workers and students coming in and out of the city. There are three main districts that account for much of the population: Tondo, which is the most populous and accounts for 38% of the total population of the city. Sampaloc, which accounts for 20% of the population, and Santa Ana, which has 10% of the population. Birth rates have remained high in Manila, with an average of 16 live births per 1,000 people

While poverty rates have fallen, they remain high overall

Like many densely populated cities in developing nations, Manila has to contend with a lot of poverty. While poverty incidence has fallen in the Philippines from 23% in 2015 to just over 16% in 2018, Manila is still home to one tenth of the countries slum dwellers. There are slums scattered across all of Manila’s 526 communities, including the Happyland slum, an area of Tondo with more than 12,000 people living in shelters around a garbage dump. Over ¾ of the homes in Manila’s slums are considered long-term and are there for more than five years, with the average settlement lasting 19 years. This means that many children are born and partially raised in slums, leading to almost 3.4 million children in Manila being underweight and stunted in their growth.

Set to become one of the world’s richest cities

Amid overpopulation, poverty, and issues with urban planning, Manila is still set to become one of the wealthiest cities in the world by 2030. Based on employment growth and gross domestic production, Manila has continued to out-perform many other metro areas in the world. The city had an employment growth of 5.7% and a GDP growth of 5.5% percent, which made it one of the top performing cities on earth. Manila could also become set to become a mega shopping destination for the wealthy and elite, drawing more money to the fast-growing city.

A city that struggles with crime and violence

The city continues to struggle with crime and violence due to its shifting demographics, poverty, drug abuse, and gang activity. The illegal drug trade is a huge issue in the city, with 92% of the barangays—small administrative divisions of the city, sometimes called barrios—affected by illegal drugs.

From 2010 to 2015, Manila had the second highest crime rates in the country, with 9,100 cases per year. This has begun to decrease, with only 3,393 cases in 2017. The city also struggles with corruption and bribery, with residents reporting a very high chance of being affected by this.

Review Updated: July 26, 2020

Manila Urban Area Population History

1950 1,544,000
1951 1,604,000
1952 1,667,000
1953 1,733,000
1954 1,801,000
1955 1,872,000
1956 1,945,000
1957 2,022,000
1958 2,101,000
1959 2,183,000
1960 2,274,000
1961 2,375,000
1962 2,481,000
1963 2,592,000
1964 2,708,000
1965 2,829,000
1966 2,955,000
1967 3,087,000
1968 3,225,000
1969 3,369,000
1970 3,534,000
1971 3,793,000
1972 4,070,000
1973 4,367,000
1974 4,686,000
1975 4,999,000
1976 5,179,000
1977 5,364,000
1978 5,556,000
1979 5,754,000
1980 5,955,000
1981 6,130,000
1982 6,312,000
1983 6,498,000
1984 6,690,000
1985 6,888,000
1986 7,091,000
1987 7,301,000
1988 7,517,000
1989 7,739,000
1990 7,973,000
1991 8,240,000
1992 8,516,000
1993 8,801,000
1994 9,096,000
1995 9,401,000
1996 9,538,000
1997 9,639,000
1998 9,742,000
1999 9,845,000
2000 9,958,000
2001 10,112,000
2002 10,268,000
2003 10,426,000
2004 10,587,000
2005 10,751,000
2006 10,917,000
2007 11,085,000
2008 11,346,000
2009 11,622,000
2010 11,887,000
2011 12,076,000
2012 12,267,000
2013 12,462,000
2014 12,659,000
2015 12,860,000
2016 13,064,000
2017 13,272,000
2018 13,482,000
2019 13,699,000
2020 13,923,000

Manila Urban Area Population Projections

2021 14,159,000
2022 14,406,000
2023 14,667,000
2024 14,942,000
2025 15,231,000
2026 15,532,000
2027 15,845,000
2028 16,168,000
2029 16,501,000
2030 16,841,000
2031 17,190,000
2032 17,545,000
2033 17,907,000
2034 18,275,000
2035 18,649,000

Map of Manila, Philippines

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