Oslo, Norway Population

Population in Urban Area, now

1,072,626
  • World: 561st
  • Europe: 54th
  • Norway: 1st

Population in City Area, 2022-03-03

580,000
  • World: 629th
  • Europe: 79th
  • Norway: 1st

Oslo Urban Area Population Graph

Oslo Population Review

Sitting at the head of the Oslofjord on Norway’s southern coast is the capital city of Norway. Home to just over a million people in the urban area and 580,000 in the city, Oslo is considered one of the northernmost capitals in the world. Oslo is considered a global city and is ranked number one across all large European cities for quality of life, and is ranked the 24th most liveable city in the entire world.

Oslo is the governmental and economic center for Norway and a main hub for Norwegian shipping, industry, banking, and trade across Europe. It is also home to the headquarters of some of the world’s largest shipping companies and maritime insurance brokers, reflecting its nautical and maritime history.

A growing population

During the early 2000s, Oslo was growing so fast that is was considered one of the fastest growing major cities in Europe at that time. From 2004 to 2020, Oslo has gained over 200,000 new residents. Much of this population growth is due to international immigration, and intra-national migration. While the immigrant population of the city is growing a bit faster than the Norwegian population, the city also had a surprisingly high birth rate for a time. Now, the city’s birth rate has declined along with the country to 1.56. This is due to several factors, including increased childlessness by choice, higher age of first birth, and a smaller proportion of mothers with two children choosing to have a third.

The demographics of Oslo

According to the Norwegian census, 70% of the residents of Oslo are ethnically Norwegian. While the majority of the population is Norwegian, there are still many immigrants. In fact, almost 30% of the population were born to immigrants or are immigrants themselves. The national average of immigrants in the rest of the country is 14%, a number that is exceeded in all the suburbs of Oslo. In fact the suburbs of Sondre Nordstrand and Stovner og Alna has an immigrant population of almost 50%.

The biggest ethnic minority in Oslo are Pakistanis, followed by people from Sweden, Somalias, and Poland. The large population of immigrants directly affects the religious affiliations as well. There are around 63% of the population that belong to the Church of Norway, while the national average is around 82%. Muslims also account for about 8% of the population.

One of the most expensive cities to live in

Life in Oslo is getting more expensive. Norway’s capital has now become one of the world’s five most expensive cities to live in. Oslo has jumped six places to reach the spot of world’s fifth most expensive city—so what makes Oslo so costly? Currency fluctuations and oil booms are both factors that have increased the cost of goods in Norway—and in turn, in Oslo. However, this hasn’t seemed to affect how happy Oslo residents are. Overall, the country’s citizens rank as some of the happiest on earth. Norwegians also enjoy some of the highest salaries in the world and most people are paid a good living wage.

Tourism to Oslo

Oslo may be quite expensive for tourists to visit due to its costly goods and services; it remains one of the most visited regions in the Nordic countries. There were over 4.8 million people nights that were spent by visitors in the city.

Tourists visiting Oslo might be shocked to realize the cost of food and beverages, however, their access to such attractions like the Oslo Opera House, the International Contemporary Art museum, the Viking life displays, and Oslo’s charming café culture—complete with fantastic coffee.

Review Updated: November 28, 2020

Oslo Urban Area Population History

1950 468,000
1951 500,000
1952 508,000
1953 516,000
1954 525,000
1955 533,000
1956 542,000
1957 551,000
1958 560,000
1959 569,000
1960 578,000
1961 585,000
1962 591,000
1963 598,000
1964 604,000
1965 610,000
1966 617,000
1967 623,000
1968 630,000
1969 636,000
1970 643,000
1971 645,000
1972 645,000
1973 645,000
1974 645,000
1975 644,000
1976 644,000
1977 644,000
1978 644,000
1979 643,000
1980 643,000
1981 646,000
1982 650,000
1983 654,000
1984 658,000
1985 662,000
1986 667,000
1987 671,000
1988 675,000
1989 680,000
1990 684,000
1991 692,000
1992 701,000
1993 710,000
1994 720,000
1995 729,000
1996 739,000
1997 749,000
1998 759,000
1999 767,000
2000 774,000
2001 780,000
2002 788,000
2003 798,000
2004 807,000
2005 818,000
2006 832,000
2007 847,000
2008 864,000
2009 881,000
2010 898,000
2011 913,000
2012 927,000
2013 941,000
2014 954,000
2015 969,000
2016 983,000
2017 997,000
2018 1,012,000
2019 1,027,000
2020 1,041,000
2021 1,056,000
2022 1,071,000

Oslo Urban Area Population Projections

2023 1,086,000
2024 1,101,000
2025 1,116,000
2026 1,130,000
2027 1,144,000
2028 1,159,000
2029 1,173,000
2030 1,187,000
2031 1,200,000
2032 1,214,000
2033 1,227,000
2034 1,240,000
2035 1,252,000

Map of Oslo, Norway

All Biggest Cities in Norway

Oslo1M