Bogota, Colombia Population

Population in Urban Area, now

11,157,722
  • World: 29th
  • South America: 4th
  • Colombia: 1st

Population in City Area, 2019-10-08

7,674,366
  • World: 23rd
  • South America: 4th
  • Colombia: 1st

Bogota Urban Area Population Graph

Bogota Population Review

Bogoto, or the Bogotá, Distrito Capital, is the capita and largest city in the country of Colombia. Located in the center of Colombia on a high plateau, the city is home to 11 million people in the greater urban area and 7.6 million within the city. Founded in 1538, Bogota is home to the Office of the President and many other executive, legislative, and judicial branches for the country.

Bogota is home to the largest number of universities and research centres in the country and is considered an important cultural centre for the country, with many libraries, museums, and theatres. It has the highest GDP in the country and is responsible for almost a quarter of Colombia’s total GDP.

The third-highest capital in the world

The plateau that Bogota sits on is located 2,850 meters above sea level, making it one of the highest capital cities in the world, after La Paz in Bolivia and Quito in Ecuador. The altitude in Bogota is so extreme that visitors and tourists are warned to be prepared for side effects and to take steps to prevent altitude sickness. Newcomers to the city may notice that things like their luggage will feel lighter as their blood starts to adapt to the different oxygen levels. As people adapt, it’s recommended that for the first three days visitors avoid strenuous activity and limit alcohol intake to lower their risk of injury or illness.

A history of violence

Bogota has an infamous past steeped in violence and crime. The Medellín Cartel founded by the notorious Pablo Escobar was one of the largest cocaine trafficking rings in the world from the early 1970s to the early 1990s. The cartel was also known for using violence to influence political decisions by waging a war against the Colombian government using kidnappings, bombings, and murder of law enforcement and political assassinations.

When Escobar was killed by DEA in 1993, a power vacuum was created that resulted in a fragmented system. There are still many powerful players controlling the cocaine trade in Colombia, though they no longer flaunt their wealth the way the Medellín Cartel once did. Instead, they use anonymity as their protection.

Crime in Bogota

Bogota has done much in the past three decades to change its crime rate and public image. In the mid-90s, the city was one of the most violent cities in the world. In 1993—the year of Pablo Escobar’s death—there were 4,352 intentional homicides, a rate of 81 per 100,000. By 2007, this number has dropped to 1,401 murders with a rate of 19 per 100,000 people.

Much of this drop is attributed to an integrated security policy adopted in 1995 called the “Communidad Segura”. Due to this, the violent crime rate is lower in Bogota than it is in many large US cities. However, street muggings and thefts on public transportation have begun to surge, causing some people to question whether Bogota is poised to become more violent again.

Demographics of Bogota

Much of Bogota’s population is of European descent, though it is difficult to get reliable figures on ethnicity after the national census dropped references to race in 1918. The city has an almost even split between men and women, with 52% of the population being male and 47% being female. The city’s population is mostly made up of working ages, with 71% of Bogota’s residents being between the ages of 15 to 64 years old.

Review Updated: November 2, 2020

Bogota Urban Area Population History

1950 630,000
1951 676,000
1952 725,000
1953 777,000
1954 834,000
1955 894,000
1956 959,000
1957 1,028,000
1958 1,103,000
1959 1,183,000
1960 1,269,000
1961 1,360,000
1962 1,459,000
1963 1,565,000
1964 1,678,000
1965 1,780,000
1966 1,887,000
1967 2,000,000
1968 2,121,000
1969 2,248,000
1970 2,383,000
1971 2,527,000
1972 2,679,000
1973 2,840,000
1974 2,952,000
1975 3,040,000
1976 3,132,000
1977 3,226,000
1978 3,323,000
1979 3,422,000
1980 3,525,000
1981 3,631,000
1982 3,740,000
1983 3,852,000
1984 3,968,000
1985 4,087,000
1986 4,210,000
1987 4,337,000
1988 4,467,000
1989 4,602,000
1990 4,740,000
1991 4,883,000
1992 5,031,000
1993 5,182,000
1994 5,334,000
1995 5,488,000
1996 5,647,000
1997 5,810,000
1998 5,978,000
1999 6,151,000
2000 6,329,000
2001 6,512,000
2002 6,701,000
2003 6,894,000
2004 7,094,000
2005 7,299,000
2006 7,510,000
2007 7,727,000
2008 7,951,000
2009 8,181,000
2010 8,418,000
2011 8,661,000
2012 8,912,000
2013 9,170,000
2014 9,435,000
2015 9,708,000
2016 9,989,000
2017 10,278,000
2018 10,574,000
2019 10,779,000
2020 10,978,000
2021 11,167,000

Bogota Urban Area Population Projections

2022 11,344,000
2023 11,508,000
2024 11,658,000
2025 11,796,000
2026 11,922,000
2027 12,039,000
2028 12,147,000
2029 12,248,000
2030 12,343,000
2031 12,433,000
2032 12,519,000
2033 12,601,000
2034 12,679,000
2035 12,753,000

Map of Bogota, Colombia

All Biggest Cities in Colombia